Rural Household Diversity and the Implications for Small-scale Forestry Development in Leyte Province, the Philippines

Emtage, N. F., Herbohn, J. L. and Harrison, S. R. (2008). Rural Household Diversity and the Implications for Small-scale Forestry Development in Leyte Province, the Philippines. In: Proceedings: International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests. International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests, Bangkok, Thailand, (1-23). 3-7 September 2007.

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Author Emtage, N. F.
Herbohn, J. L.
Harrison, S. R.
Title of paper Rural Household Diversity and the Implications for Small-scale Forestry Development in Leyte Province, the Philippines
Conference name International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests
Conference location Bangkok, Thailand
Conference dates 3-7 September 2007
Proceedings title Proceedings: International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests
Place of Publication Bankok, Thailand
Publisher RECOFTC
Publication Year 2008
Sub-type Fully published paper
Open Access Status
Start page 1
End page 23
Total pages 23
Collection year 2009
Abstract/Summary This paper reports the results from a study of the social and economic factors affecting the development of smallholder forestry in Leyte Province. More than 50% of all households in rural areas of the Philippines have cash incomes that are below the national poverty threshold and the forest resources of the nation continue to be degraded. Agricultural activity by poor rural households is blamed for causing much of the past and present damage to forest resources. Community forestry and agrarian reform programs have been developed as a means to address the links between forest degradation and poverty by granting households limited access to Government-owned forest lands. Reviews of these programs have suggested the need to better understand rural households and their diversity as a means to improve the design, implementation, and monitoring of forestry and other development programs in rural areas. The study used a literature review, focus groups, household surveys, and workshops to assess pathways to forestry development for smallholders in the Philippines. Cluster analysis was applied to survey data on group households that have similar attitudes to forestry development. Subsequent analyses of the groups’ livelihood assets and income levels revealed patterns of relationships between households’ socio-economic circumstances, their attitudes to forestry, and forestry activities. Overall the study found few rural households are engaged in growing and selling timber and other forest products, with the poorest households least involved in community forestry programs and growing timber. Households reported reducing their use of public forest areas for a variety of reasons including the loss of timber resources in these areas. Many households acknowledge the need for rehabilitation of public forest areas but other development issues are rated as more urgent. The authors describe the variations in possible impacts of policy and program reforms on the different types of households. They conclude that all the households are being critically constrained in the development of forestry activities by institutional factors including uncertain or unsupportive land tenure arrangements, poorly developed timber markets, plus a general lack of land and financial capital.
Formatted Abstract/Summary
This paper reports the results from a study of the social and economic factors affecting the development of smallholder forestry in Leyte Province. More than 50% of all households in rural areas of the Philippines have cash incomes that are below the national poverty threshold and the forest resources of the nation continue to be degraded. Agricultural activity
by poor rural households is blamed for causing much of the past and present damage to forest resources. Community forestry and agrarian reform programs have been developed as a means to address the links between forest degradation and poverty by granting households
limited access to Government-owned forest lands. Reviews of these programs have suggested the need to better understand rural households and their diversity as a means to improve the design, implementation, and monitoring of forestry and other development programs in rural
areas.
The study used a literature review, focus groups, household surveys, and workshops to assess pathways to forestry development for smallholders in the Philippines. Cluster analysis was applied to survey data on group households that have similar attitudes to forestry
development. Subsequent analyses of the groups’ livelihood assets and income levels revealed patterns of relationships between households’ socio-economic circumstances, their attitudes to forestry, and forestry activities. Overall the study found few rural households are engaged
in growing and selling timber and other forest products, with the poorest households least involved in community forestry programs and growing timber. Households reported reducing their use of public forest areas for a variety of reasons including the loss of timber resources in these areas. Many households acknowledge the need for rehabilitation of public forest
areas but other development issues are rated as more urgent. The authors describe the variations in possible impacts of policy and program reforms on the different types of households. They conclude that all the households are being critically constrained in the development of forestry activities by institutional factors including uncertain or unsupportive land tenure arrangements, poorly developed timber markets, plus a general lack of land and financial capital.
Subjects 05 Environmental Sciences
050205 Environmental Management
050209 Natural Resource Management
07 Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
070504 Forestry Management and Environment
E1
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Thu, 15 Jan 2009, 14:07:35 EST by Annerine Bosch on behalf of School of Integrative Systems