The possible safety benefits of enhanced road markings: A driving simulator evaluation

Horberry, Tim, Anderson, Janet and Regan, Michael A. (2006) The possible safety benefits of enhanced road markings: A driving simulator evaluation. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 9 1: 77-87. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2005.09.002

Author Horberry, Tim
Anderson, Janet
Regan, Michael A.
Title The possible safety benefits of enhanced road markings: A driving simulator evaluation
Journal name Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1369-8478
Publication date 2006-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.trf.2005.09.002
Volume 9
Issue 1
Start page 77
End page 87
Total pages 11
Place of publication Exeter, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon Press
Language eng
Subject 110705 Humoural Immunology and Immunochemistry
179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Abstract A comparison of the relative effectiveness under simulated wet night driving conditions of an enhanced road-marking system with commonly used highway markings was undertaken. Participants completed drives with both types of markings. A secondary mental arithmetic task was also employed in half of the conditions. Both objective and subjective data were collected. The results indicated that participants were better able to maintain lane position and speed with the enhanced markings than with the standard markings. A similar pattern was found for the subjective measures: workload was rated as lower for the enhanced markings; likewise, subjects reported the drives as being easier and were more confident in being able to drive safely when the roads displayed the enhanced markings. These findings point to a potential safety benefit from greater use of such enhanced roadway markings.
Keyword Road markings
Line markings
Driver behaviour
References Boyce, 1981 P. Boyce, Human factors in lighting, Macmillan, New York (1981). Fildes et al., 1987 Fildes, B., Fletcher, M., & Corrigan, J. (1987). Speed perception 1: Drivers’ judgement of safety and speed on urban and rural straight road (Report CF 54). Canberra, Australia. Federal Office of Road Safety. Godley, 1999 Godley, S. (1999). A driving simulator investigation of perceptual countermeasures to speeding. Ph.D. Thesis, Monash University (unpublished). Godley et al., 1997 S. Godley, T.J. Triggs and B.N. Fildes, Driving simulator validation for speed results, Accident Analysis and Prevention 34 (1997) (5), pp. 589–600. Graham et al., 1996 Graham, J. R., Harrold, J., & King, L. E. (1996). Pavement markings retroreflectivity requirements for older drivers. In transportation research record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1529, pp. 65–70. Horberry et al., in press Horberry, T., Anderson, J., Regan, M., Triggs, T., & Brown, J. in press. Driver distraction: The effects of concurrent in-vehicle tasks, road environment complexity and age on driving performance. Accident Analysis and Prevention. Johnston, 1983 Johnston, I. (1983). The effects of roadway delineation on curve negotiation by both sober and drinking drivers (Research Report ARRB 128). Vermont South, Australian. Australian Road Research Board. Kalchbrenner, 1989 Kalchbrenner, J. (1989). Large glass beads for pavement markings. Transportation Research Board, 68th annual meeting, January 22–26, 1989, Washington, D.C. McKnight et al., 1998 A. McKnight, A. McKnight and A. Tippetts, The effect of lane width and contrast upon lane keeping, Accident Analysis and Prevention 30 (1998) (5), pp. 617–624. Article | PDF (163 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (5) Miller, 1992 T.R. Miller, Benefit–cost analysis of lane marking, Transportation Research Record 1334 (1992), pp. 38–45. Moses, 1986 Moses, P. (1986). Edge lines and single vehicle accidents. Western Road, April 9–8. Owens, 2003 D.A. Owens, Twilight vision and road safety. In: F. Andre, D. Owens and L. Harvey, Editors, Visual perception. The influence of H.W.Leibowitz, APA, Washington (2003). Parker and Meja, 2003 Parker, N. A., & Meja, M. (2003). Evaluation of the performance of permanent pavement markings. TRB 2003 annual meeting. Retrieved 20th September 2004. Available from: Ranney and Gawron, 1986 T. Ranney and V. Gawron, The effects of pavement edgelines on performance in a driving simulator under sober and alcohol-dosed conditions, Human Factors 28 (1986), pp. 511–525. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (3) Schnell et al., 2003 Schnell, T., Aktan, F., Ohme, P. J., & Hogsett, J. (2003). Enhancing pavement marking visibility for older drivers. Final Report to the Iowa DOT, March, 2003. Retrieved 20th September 2004. Available from: Theeuwes et al., 2002 J. Theeuwes, J. Alferdinck and M. Perel, Relation between glare and driving performance, Human Factors 44 (2002), pp. 95–107. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (13) Triggs and Wisdom, 1979 Triggs, T., & Wisdom, P. (1979). Effects of pavement delineation markings on vehicle lateral position keeping. (Human Factors Report HFR-IO). Clayton, Victoria, Australia. Monash University, Department of Psychology. VicRoads, 2001 VicRoads (2001). Traffic engineering manual: Volume 2—signs and markings. (3rd ed., VicRoads publication number VRPN 00384). Melbourne: VicRoads. Willis et al., 1984 Willis, P., Scott, P., & Barnes, J. (1984). Road edgelining and accidents: An experiment in south-west England. (TRRL Laboratory Report 1117). Crowthorne, Berkshire, UK. Transport and Road Research Laboratory. Yagar and van Aerde, 1983 S. Yagar and M. van Aerde, Geometric and environmental effects on speeds of 2-lane highways, Transportation Research Part A 17S (1983), pp. 315–325. Abstract | PDF (1070 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (8) Zwahlen and Schnell, 1998 Zwahlen, H., & Schnell, T. (1998). The visibility of road markings as a function of age, retro-reflectivity under low-beam and high-beam illumination at night. Paper presented at the Transportation Research Board, 77th annual meeting, January 11–15, 1998.
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
Sustainable Minerals Institute Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 26 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 34 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 14 Jan 2009, 17:09:20 EST by Judy Dingwall on behalf of Sustainable Minerals Institute