This retrospective study evaluated the efficacy of enteral nutrition for pediatric patients undergoing the challenging treatment of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. During the period from January 1999 to May 2000, 15 patients were transplant recipients. On admission to the hospital, 87% of patients were above the 50th percentile for weight for age. Nasogastric tubes were inserted while platelet counts remained greater than 50 x 109 mL/L. A specialized elemental formula for pediatric patients was commenced. These feeds were administered continuously and were titrated until caloric requirement or tolerance level had been achieved. During hospitalization for bone marrow transplantation, enteral nutrition was the major form of nutritional support for all patients. Enteral feeds continued even during maximal gut toxicity and were supported with antiemetics and analgesia. There were insignificant weight fluctuations during hospitalization, with 80% of children above the 50th percentile weight for age being discharged. Enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube was effective in the provision of nutrition during bone marrow transplantation and continues to have an important role in this unit.