Comparison of individual, group and combined intervention formats in a randomized controlled trial for facilitating goal attainment and improving psychosocial function following acquired brain injury

Ownsworth, T., Fleming, J., Shum, D., Kuipers, P. and Strong, J. (2008) Comparison of individual, group and combined intervention formats in a randomized controlled trial for facilitating goal attainment and improving psychosocial function following acquired brain injury. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 40 2: 81-88. doi:10.2340/16501977-0124


Author Ownsworth, T.
Fleming, J.
Shum, D.
Kuipers, P.
Strong, J.
Title Comparison of individual, group and combined intervention formats in a randomized controlled trial for facilitating goal attainment and improving psychosocial function following acquired brain injury
Journal name Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1650-1977
Publication date 2008
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2340/16501977-0124
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 40
Issue 2
Start page 81
End page 88
Total pages 8
Place of publication Stockholm
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
920201 Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services)
110321 Rehabilitation and Therapy (excl. Physiotherapy)
Abstract To compare individual, group and combined intervention formats for improving goal attainment and psychosocial function following acquired brain injury. Design: Randomized controlled trial, waiting list controls. Participants: Thirty-five participants with a mean time of 5.29 years (standard deviation = 3.9) since acquired brain injury were randomly allocated into 6 groups involving an intervention or waiting list control condition for 1 of 3 intervention formats. Methods: Interventions were 3 h/week for 8 weeks. Formats included: group-based support (n = 12), individual occupation-based support (n = 11), and a combined group and individual support intervention (n = 12). Participant outcomes were examined at pre-, post-, and 3-month follow-up assessment on the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, Patient Competency Rating Scale, and Brain Injury Community Rehabilitation Outcome 39 Scales. Results: Overall, the findings indicated that the individual intervention component appeared to contribute particularly to gains in performance in goal-specific areas. The combined intervention was associated with maintained gains in performance and satisfaction. However, gains in behavioural competency and psychological well-being were more likely to occur after the group and individual interventions. Conclusion: These findings generally support the efficacy of brief intervention formats following acquired brain injury, although further research is needed to examine clients’ suitability for particular interventions. Authors:
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: 2009 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 12 Jan 2009, 12:53:30 EST