Remediation measures in a residential area highly contaminated with PCDD/PCDF, Arsenic and heavy metals as a result of industrial production in the early 19th century

Balzer, W., Gaus, H.-M., Gaus, C., Weber, R., Schmitt-Biegel, B. and Urban, U. (2007). Remediation measures in a residential area highly contaminated with PCDD/PCDF, Arsenic and heavy metals as a result of industrial production in the early 19th century. In: O. Hutzinger, Short Papers from DIOXIN 2007. International Symposium on Halogenated Persistent Organic Pollutants (27th, DIOXIN, 2007), Tokyo, Japan, (857-860). 2-7 September 2007.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Balzer, W.
Gaus, H.-M.
Gaus, C.
Weber, R.
Schmitt-Biegel, B.
Urban, U.
Title of paper Remediation measures in a residential area highly contaminated with PCDD/PCDF, Arsenic and heavy metals as a result of industrial production in the early 19th century
Formatted title
Remediation measures in a residential area highly contaminated with PCDD/PCDF, Arsenic and heavy metals as a result of industrial production in the early 19th century
Conference name International Symposium on Halogenated Persistent Organic Pollutants (27th, DIOXIN, 2007)
Conference location Tokyo, Japan
Conference dates 2-7 September 2007
Proceedings title Short Papers from DIOXIN 2007   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Organohalogen Compounds   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Bayreuth, Germany
Publisher Eco-Informa Press
Publication Year 2007
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISSN 1026-4892
Editor O. Hutzinger
Volume 69
Start page 857
End page 860
Total pages 4
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Soil from a residential area, which was established on a past chemical production site, was found to be highly contaminated with PCDD/Fs (~1-10 kg TEQ load), arsenic (12 to 80 tons load) and heavy metals. The contamination resulted from a LeBlanc chemical sodium carbonate decahydrate (sal soda or washing soda) production facility, which operated during the 19th century. The discovery of PCDD/F levels up to 100,000 ng/kg TEQ on the residential site resulted in extensive remediation and monitoring measures which are accompanied by extensive monitoring and safety measures.

This case demonstates for the first time that PCDD/Fs were formed at high concentrations during production processes of inorganic chemicals involving chloride/chlorine already in the early phase of industrialization at the beginning of the 19th century, i.e. several decades before the first chloroalkali electrolysis started around 1890. The case further demonstrates that these contaminated sites can be of contemporary relevance including contamination of humans and the environment.
Subjects 039901 Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Presented during and published under "Contaminated Sites - Cases, Remediation, Risk and Policy" as Paper O-210.

 
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Created: Fri, 09 Jan 2009, 11:10:53 EST by Sophie Jordan on behalf of National Res Centre For Environmental Toxicology