Detection of memory impairment in the general population: Screening by questionnaire and telephone compared to subsequent face-to-face assessment

van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z., Chin A Paw, Marijke J. M., Klein, Martin, van Mechelen, Willem and Hopman-Rock, Marijke (2007) Detection of memory impairment in the general population: Screening by questionnaire and telephone compared to subsequent face-to-face assessment. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22 3: 203-210. doi:10.1002/gps.1661

Author van Uffelen, Jannique G. Z.
Chin A Paw, Marijke J. M.
Klein, Martin
van Mechelen, Willem
Hopman-Rock, Marijke
Title Detection of memory impairment in the general population: Screening by questionnaire and telephone compared to subsequent face-to-face assessment
Journal name International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1099-1166
Publication date 2007-03
Year available 2006
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/gps.1661
Volume 22
Issue 3
Start page 203
End page 210
Total pages 8
Place of publication Bognor Regis, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background Development of efficient methods for identifying subjects with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) from the general population is warranted, because these subjects represent an important group for (epidemiological) research purposes.
Objectives (1) To describe a two-step population screening for identifying adults with MCI from the general population for research purposes, by questionnaire and telephone; (2) to compare screening by telephone (method 1) to a subsequent face-to-face assessment (method 2).
Methods In method 1, subjects with memory complaints were identified from the general population (n = 5491) by a postal questionnaire. Subsequently, cognitive status and memory were assessed in a telephone interview using the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status and the Ten Word Learning Test. Next, subjects with MCI according to method 1 were subjected to a face-to-face assessment for method 2, in which cognitive status and memory were assessed using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT).
Results Two hundred and twenty-seven subjects completed both the telephone interview and the face-to-face assessment. Ninety-three subjects (41%) had MCI according to both methods. Seven subjects (3%) failed to meet MCI criteria according to method two because of an MMSE score <24; 127 subjects (56%) failed because of normal AVLT scores.
Conclusion (1) The two-step population screening was able to detect a considerable number of MCI-subjects in the general population; (2) agreement between both methods was moderate. Therefore, the method of recruiting subjects for (epidemiological) studies has to be taken into consideration when interpreting results of these studies.
Keyword Aged
Mild cognitive impairment
Population screening
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Additional Notes Article first published online: 17 OCT 2006

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
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