The practitioner placing dental implants has many options with respect to pre-implant radiographic assessment of the jaws. The advantages and disadvantages of the imaging modalities currently available for pre-implant imaging are discussed in some detail. Intra-oral and extra-oral radiographs are generally low dose but the information provided is limited as the images are not three-dimensional. Tomography is three-dimensional, but the image quality is highly variable. Computed tomography (CT) has been the gold standard for many years as the information provided is three-dimensional and generally very accurate. However, CT examinations are expensive and deliver a relatively high radiation dose to the patient. The latest imaging modality introduced is cone beam volumetric tomography (CBVT) and this technology is very promising with regard to pre-implant imaging. CBVT generally delivers a lower dose to the patient than CT and provides reasonably sharp images with three-dimensional information. A comparison between CT and CBVT is provided. Magnetic resonance imaging is showing some promise, but the examinations are not readily available, generally expensive and bone is not well imaged. Magnetic resonance imaging is excellent for demonstrating soft tissues and therefore may be of great use in identifying the inferior dental nerve and vessels. All of the above technology is of little value if the information required is not obtained and so information is also provided on imaging of some of the vital structures. Of particular interest is the inferior dental canal, incisive canals of the mandible, genial foramina and canals, maxillary sinus and the incisive canal and foramen of the maxilla.