Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs

Wilson, Clevo and Tisdell, Clem (2000). Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs. Working Papers on Economics, Ecology and the Environment 53, School of Economics, University of Queensland.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Working_paper_53.pdf Full text application/pdf 154.02KB 1758
Author Wilson, Clevo
Tisdell, Clem
Title Why farmers continue to use pesticides despite environmental, health and sustainability costs
School, Department or Centre School of Economics
Institution University of Queensland
Open Access Status Other
Series Working Papers on Economics, Ecology and the Environment
Report Number 53
Publication date 2000-11-01
Publisher University of Queensland
Start page 1
End page 29
Total pages 29
Language eng
Subject 14 Economics
140205 Environment and Resource Economics
Abstract/Summary Use of chemical inputs such as pesticides have increased agricultural production and productivity. However, negative externalities, too, have increased. The externalities include damage to the environment, agricultural land, fisheries, fauna and flora. Another major externality has been the unintentional destruction of beneficial predators of insects which has led to a virulence of many species of agricultural pests. Mortality and morbidity among agricultural workers, especially in developing countries from exposure to pesticides, are also common. The costs from these externalities are large and affect farmers’ returns. However, despite these high costs, farmers continue to use pesticides and in increasing quantities. In this paper, we examine this paradox and show why farmers continue to use pesticides despite the increasing costs. We also emphasize ‘lock-in’ aspects of pesticide use.
Keyword Pesticides
Agriculture
Environment
Human Health
sustainability
hysteresis
Additional Notes ISSN 1327-8231

Document type: Working Paper
Collections: Working Papers (School of Economics)
Ecology Centre Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 02 Sep 2008, 11:55:08 EST by Mrs Jane Warnick on behalf of Social Sciences and Humanities Library Service