Children serology of echinococcosis infection as an environmental health indicator to guide preventive activities in Ningxia, PR China

Yang, Yu R., Craig, Philip S., Vuitton, Dominique A., Sun, Tao, Williams, Gail M., Li, Zheng Z.., Boufana, Belchis, Giraudoux, Patrick, Li, Yan B., Huang, Ling, Zhang, Wei and McManus, Donald P. (2007). Children serology of echinococcosis infection as an environmental health indicator to guide preventive activities in Ningxia, PR China. In: James W. Kazura, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Abstract Book: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 56th Annual Meeting. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 56th Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, U.S., (21-21). November 4–8 2007.


Author Yang, Yu R.
Craig, Philip S.
Vuitton, Dominique A.
Sun, Tao
Williams, Gail M.
Li, Zheng Z..
Boufana, Belchis
Giraudoux, Patrick
Li, Yan B.
Huang, Ling
Zhang, Wei
McManus, Donald P.
Title of paper Children serology of echinococcosis infection as an environmental health indicator to guide preventive activities in Ningxia, PR China
Conference name American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 56th Annual Meeting
Conference location Philadelphia, U.S.
Conference dates November 4–8 2007
Proceedings title American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene; Abstract Book: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 56th Annual Meeting   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Northbrook, U.S.
Publisher American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Publication Year 2007
Year available 2007
Sub-type Published abstract
ISSN 0002-9637
Editor James W. Kazura
Volume 77
Issue 5 Supp.
Start page 21
End page 21
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary This study was undertaken to develop an environmental health indicator for use as a basis for developing preventive measures against cystic (CE) and alveolar (AE) echinococcosis infection in children from rural communities in Xiji County, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, P.R. of China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2002 among 861 children under 18 years old. After ultrasound (US) abdominal examination, a questionnaire to identify risk factors for infection (socioeconomic, sanitation and hygiene variables) and collected filter-paper blood samples from each child for specific antibody detections using EmP and EgB antigens. The overall prevalence of echinococcosis by US was 0.1% for CE; no detectable AE was found. The results showed the dog/fox faeces environmental contamination and age-bias behaviour were significant risk factors for both human AE and CE. There was a statistically significant association between both infections and child domicile indicating that infection risk also included geographic independent factors, with the eco-geographic environment being a risk factor for AE and the sociogeographic environment increasing risk for CE. In conclusion, the environmental health indicator, which incorporated the most significant biological, environmental and social factors associated with the risk of echinococcosis infection, can provide clear “warning signals” to decisionmakers for the institution of specific control measures in this Chinese population.
Subjects 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Keyword Environmental health indicators
Echinococcosis
China
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Abstract.

 
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Created: Fri, 29 Aug 2008, 04:16:17 EST