Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control

Spafford, Helen, Jardine, Andrew, Carver, Scott, Tarala, Kate, Van Wees, Mary and Weinstein, Phil (2007) Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 23 3: 304-311. doi:10.2987/8756-971X(2007)23[304:LDOEOA]2.0.CO;2


Author Spafford, Helen
Jardine, Andrew
Carver, Scott
Tarala, Kate
Van Wees, Mary
Weinstein, Phil
Title Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control
Formatted title
Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control
Journal name Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 8756-971X
1943-6270
Publication date 2007-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2987/8756-971X(2007)23[304:LDOEOA]2.0.CO;2
Volume 23
Issue 3
Start page 304
End page 311
Total pages 8
Place of publication Mount Laurel, NJ, United States
Publisher American Mosquito Control Association
Language eng
Subject 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
The activity of QN50, a sequiterpene alcohol derived from Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum), was tested for its effectiveness against larvae of 2 mosquito species (Culex molestus and Aedes camptorhynchus [Diptera: Culicidae]), nymphs of 2 species of water boatmen (Micronecta robusta and Agraptocorixa [Hemiptera: Corixidae]), immature Daphnia sp. (Crustacea), and mosquito eggs (Cx. molestus). In a series of laboratory bioassays, field-collected mosquito larvae, eggs, and immature corixids and daphnids were placed in beakers with either QN50, methoprene or source water only (control). The mosquito larvae exposed to QN50 had reduced survivorship and average longevity relative to the control and to methoprene at most concentrations used in this study. The hatching rate of mosquito eggs was unaffected by methoprene or QN50. Corixid nymphs and daphnids experienced high mortality in both methoprene and QN50 relative to the control, but there was no difference in the effect between the compounds. The results of this preliminary study suggest that further research into the mode of action and efficacy of QN50 as a potential alternative to methoprene for mosquito abatement is warranted.
Keyword Botanical
Insecticide
Essential oil
Culex molestus
Aedes camptorhynchus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
ERA 2012 Admin Only
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 29 Aug 2008, 04:14:59 EST