The short-term effects of air pollution on mortality: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities

Simpson, R., Williams, G., Petroeschevksy, A., O'Farrell, T., Denison, L., Hinwood, A., Morgan, G. and Neville, G. (2003). The short-term effects of air pollution on mortality: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities. In: Epidemiology: 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology. 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology, Perth, Australia, (S32-S32). 23-26 September, 2003. doi:10.1097/00001648-200309001-00057


Author Simpson, R.
Williams, G.
Petroeschevksy, A.
O'Farrell, T.
Denison, L.
Hinwood, A.
Morgan, G.
Neville, G.
Title of paper The short-term effects of air pollution on mortality: A meta-analysis for 4 Australian cities
Conference name 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology
Conference location Perth, Australia
Conference dates 23-26 September, 2003
Proceedings title Epidemiology: 15th Conference of the International Society for Environment Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Epidemiology   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Baltimore, MD, U. S. A.
Publisher Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
Publication Year 2003
Sub-type Published abstract
DOI 10.1097/00001648-200309001-00057
ISSN 1044-3983
Volume 14
Issue Supp. 5
Start page S32
End page S32
Total pages 1
Language eng
Abstract/Summary This poster complements the paper in this area (A description of the SPIRT study for Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney: Simpson et al) and details all the results referred in summary in the paper on the short-term health effects of air pollution on respiratory admissions in four Australian cities-Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth and Sydney. The study used a protocol similar to that used in Europe (Air Pollution and Health: A European Approach-APHEA) to examine the associations between health outcomes, such as daily mortality and daily hospital admissions counts, and air pollutants. This poster details all the results for the period 1996-1999 of a meta-analysis for the four cities for the acute health impacts of the pollutants-fine particles, nitrogen dioxide, and ozone. The meta-analyses often show statistically significant differences between the cities indicating the results can be quite different in different cities. Fine particles (as measured by nephelometery) and nitrogen dioxide both have a significant impact on cardiac admissions (14-65 years, greater than 65 years) and IHD admissions (all ages, > 65 years), while ozone has a significant impact on cardiac admissions (14-65 years, greater than 65 years) (although the results are sensitive to how temperature is used in the models). The sensitivity of the results to different statistical methods used in the meta-analyses have been carried out using a combination of three approaches: generalised additive models (GAM) using the S Plus statistical package and loess smoothing, generalised additive models using the S Plus package and natural spiines, and penalised splines using the R statistical package. The results for all methods are presented and for periods of lags of days 0-3 for all pollutants.
Subjects 05 Environmental Sciences
11 Medical and Health Sciences
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Isee-154

 
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Created: Thu, 28 Aug 2008, 17:23:56 EST