Measuring the accuracy of facial approximations: A comparative study of resemblance rating and face array methods

Stephan, Carl N. and Cicolini, Jody (2008) Measuring the accuracy of facial approximations: A comparative study of resemblance rating and face array methods. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 53 1: 58-64. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00622.x


Author Stephan, Carl N.
Cicolini, Jody
Title Measuring the accuracy of facial approximations: A comparative study of resemblance rating and face array methods
Journal name Journal of Forensic Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-1198
Publication date 2008-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00622.x
Volume 53
Issue 1
Start page 58
End page 64
Total pages 7
Editor M. A. Peat
Place of publication United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Collection year 2009
Language eng
Subject C1
069901 Forensic Biology
970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Abstract The success of facial approximation is thought to depend, at least in part, upon the "accuracy" of the constructed face. However, methods of accuracy assessment are varied and this range in methods may be responsible for the disparate results reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine if the accuracy results of one facial approximation were comparable across two different assessment methods (resemblance ratings and simultaneous face array tests using unfamiliar assessors) and if resemblance ratings co-varied with recognition responses. True-positive recognition performance from the facial approximation was poor (21%) while resemblance scores using the same facial approximation were moderately high (3 out of 5 on a five-point scale). These results are not, therefore, consistent and indicate that either different variables are being evaluated by the methods, or the same variable is being examined but with different weight/calibration. Further resemblance ratings tests of the facial approximation to three foil faces from the face array revealed that resemblance scores were similar irrespective of which face was compared, and did not closely correspond with the degree of recognition performance. This was especially the case for isolated comparisons of single faces to the facial approximation. Collectively, these results indicate that resemblance ratings are: (i) insensitive measures of a facial approximation's accuracy; and (ii) inconsistent with results of unfamiliar simultaneous face-array recognition results. These data suggest that familiar and unfamiliar recognition tests should be given increased weight in contrast to current resemblance rating tests.
Keyword forensic science
Facial Reconstruction
facial reproduction
performance
success
recognition
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Wed, 30 Jul 2008, 02:22:46 EST