A Review of patents in tyre cooling

Netscher, Nicholas W., Aminossadati, Saiied M. and Hooman, Kamel (2008) A Review of patents in tyre cooling. Recent Patents on Engineering, 2 2: 87-94. doi:10.2174/187221208784705233

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Hooman-Patent_Journal_Article.pdf Hooman-Patent_Journal_Article.pdf Click to show the corresponding preview/stream application/pdf 840.82KB 2748

Author Netscher, Nicholas W.
Aminossadati, Saiied M.
Hooman, Kamel
Title A Review of patents in tyre cooling
Journal name Recent Patents on Engineering   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1872-2121
Publication date 2008-06-19
Year available 2008
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2174/187221208784705233
Volume 2
Issue 2
Start page 87
End page 94
Total pages 8
Editor Khusrshid Zaman
Place of publication Bussum, The Netherlands
Publisher Bentham Science Publishers
Language eng
Subject 290500 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
290501 Mechanical Engineering
290401 Automotive Engineering
291104 Environmental Technologies
Abstract A number of patents on tyre cooling have been reviewed with a focus on those which can be applied to earthmoving tyres for the mining industry. The mechanisms of heat transfer within the tyre carcass are introduced as well as the basic tyre structure and effects of overheating on tyre operation. The tyre cooling patents are separated into five functional groups and reviews are made based on practicality and potential for significant heat transfer. This analysis has made it evident that potential cooling effectiveness is often compromised by practicality of an invention. The patents deemed to have the most potential for cooling are those which incorporate a working fluid which undergoes a phase change to transfer heat between different regions of the wheel assembly. Finally, these inventions are also related to current research projects which aim to develop a new cooling technique and extend the working life of earthmoving tyres.
Keyword Tyre cooling
Heat dissipation
Rotating heat pipes
Air circulation
Conduction heat transfer
References [1] Bridgestone, Heavy Duty Off-The-Road Tyre Application Training. 2007, Bridgestone Tyres. p. 139. [2] B.S. Oh, Y.N. Kim, N.J. Kim, H.Y. Moon, and H.Y. Park, Internal Temperature Distribution in a Rolling Tire, Tire Science and Technology, vol. 23(1), pp. 11-25, 1995. [3] P. Kainradl and G. Kaufmann, Heat Generation in Pneumatic Tires, Rubber Chemistry and Technology, vol. 49(3), pp. 823-861, 1976. [4] Y.J. Lin and S.J. Hwang, Temperature prediction of rolling tires by computer simulation, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, vol. 67(3), pp. 235-249, 2004. [5] A. Le Gal, X. Yang, and M. Kluppel, Sliding friction and contact mechanics of elastomers on rough surfaces, in Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics, P. Wriggers and U. Nackenhost, Editors. 2006. p. 253-260. [6] B.N.J. Persson, Theory of rubber friction and contact mechanics, Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 115(8), pp. 3840-3861, 2001. [7] H.R. Berger and G. Heinrich, Friction effects in the contact area of sliding rubber: A generalized Schallamach model, KGK-Kautschuk und Gummi Kunststoffe, vol. 53(4), 2000. [8] M. Barquins, Mechanisms of dry friction and wear of elastomers. Applications to the running and wear of tires on road surfaces, Mecanismes du frottement sec et de l'usure des elastomeres. Applications au roulement et a l'usure des pneumatiques sur les revetements routiers, (158), pp. 53-67, 1988. [9] S.H. Yeow, M. El-Sherbiny, and T.P. Newcomb, Thermal Analysis of a Tyre During Rolling or Sliding, Wear, vol. 48(1), pp. 157-171, 1978. [10] M.J. Otto, E.T. Steyn, and F. Elkink, Heat generation in textile tyre cords, KGK-Kautschuk und Gummi Kunststoffe, vol. 50(3), pp. 192-197, 1997. [11] B.T.F. Chung, P.C. Yang, M.H.N. Naraghi, and D.J. Schuring. HEAT TRANSFER IN ROLLING TIRES. Seattle, WA, USA: Pineridge Press, Swansea, Wa, 1983. [12] B. Yavari, W.W. Tworxydlo, and J.M. Bass, Thermomechanical model to predict the temperature distribution of steady state rolling tires, Tire Science & Technology, vol. 21(3), pp. 163-178, 1993. [13] H.C. Park, S.K. Youn, T.S. Song, and N.J. Kim, Analysis of temperature distribution in a rolling tire due to strain energy dissipation, Tire Science & Technology, vol. 25(3), pp. 214-228, 1997. [14] T.G. Ebbott, R.L. Hohman, J.P. Jeusette, and V. Kerchman, Tire temperature and rolling resistance prediction with finite element analysis, Tire Science and Technology, vol. 27(1), pp. 2-21, 1999. [15] S.K. Clark, TEMPERATURE RISE TIMES IN PNEUMATIC TIRES, Tire Science and Technology, vol. 4(3), pp. 181-189, 1976. [16] P. Kainradl, G. Kaufmann, and F. Schmidt, Zusammenhang der Erwarmung von Lkw-Reifen der Grosse 11.00- 20 mit den visco-elastischen Eigenschaften der verwendeten Gummi-Qualitaten, Kautschuk und Gummi Kunstsoffe, vol. 19, pp. 27, 1966. [17] S.A. Bridgestone, 2002. [18] P. Kainradl and G. Kaufmann, Viscoelastic properties of truck tire compounds and the related heat build up, a meeting of the Rubber Division, 1971. [19] L.R. Ocone, Wheel Assembly with Tire Cooling Means, US Patent 3675699, 1972. [20] R. Gollert, Cooling Device for Tires, US Patent 1956739, 1934. [21] J.J. Groezinger and G.A. Anders, Tire Cooling by Fluid Transfer Element, US Patent 4620580, 1986. [22] L.C. Mote, Method of and Means for Prolonging the Life of Pneumatic Tires, US Patent 2948321, 1960. [23] C.B. Isham, Tire Cooling Arrangement, US Patent 2538563, 1948. [24] C.M. Manly, Vehicle Tire, US Patent 1780306, 1930. [25] A.B. Craig, Cooling Device for Pneumatic Tires, US Patent 1049677, 1913. [26] F.O. Skidmore, Tire Cooling, US Patent 3270794, 1964. [27] F.O. Skidmore, Tire Cooling, US Patent 3414036, 1966. [28] F.O. Skidmore, Tire Cooling Structure, US Patent 4381026, 1983. [29] M. Preiss, Air guiding arrangement for a motor vehicle front end, US Patent 6033010, 2000. [30] A. Morelli and N. Di Giusto, A device for reducing the form drag of vehicles, EP0738650, 1996. [31] H. Burst, Aerodynamic brake cooling spoiler, US Patent 4810021, 1989. [32] J.H. Becker, Tire Spray Control Device, US Patent 5100177, 1989. [33] H. Weisbarth, A. Hack, and R. Tiefenbacher, Front end covering for a motor vehicle, US Patent 5511847, 1996. [34] J.H. Becker, Air duct for cooling rotating tires, US Patent 6260911, 2001. [35] E. Bobard, Ballasting and inflation apparatus, US Patent 4298047, 1981. [36] C. King, Tire cooling device and method of cooling, US Patent 3708006, 1973. [37] C.P. Hart, Tire Cooling System and Method, US Patent 4343338, 1982. [38] J. Brunswick, Means for Cooling Multicellular Rubber Tires, US Patent 2166927, 1939. [39] S. Hsu, Vehicle Tire with Air Circulation Arrangement, US Patent 6343635, 2002. [40] W.E. Rayman, Two Piece Tire with a Convective Cooling System, US Patent 6619351, 2003. [41] D. Chisholm, The heat pipe Mills and Boon. London, 1971. [42] J. Ling, Y. Cao, and W.S. Chang, Analyses of Radially Rotating Heat High-Temperature Heat Pipes for Turbomachinery Applications, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, vol. 121(2), pp. 306-312, 1999. [43] Y. Cao, W.S. Chang, and C.D. MacArthur, An Analytical Study of Turbine Disks Incorporating Radially Rotating Heat Pipes, in American Society of Mechanical Engineers (Heat Transfer Division). 1998, ASME: New Jersey. [44] S. Maezawa, Y. Susuki, and A. Tsuchida. Heat Transfer Characteristics of Disk-Shaped Rotating Wickless Heat Pipe. in IVth International Heat Pipe Conference. London, UK: Pergamon Press, 1981. [45] S. Maezawa, M. Takuma, and A. Tsuchida, Application of Disk-Shaped Rotating Heat Pipe to Brake Cooling, in 14th International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation: Yugoslavia, 1982.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
ERA 2012 Admin Only
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 260 Abstract Views, 2766 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Thu, 19 Jun 2008, 17:11:43 EST by Kamel Hooman on behalf of Faculty Of Engineering, Architecture & Info Tech