Smallholder adoption of soil conservation technologies: Evidence from upland projects in the Philippines

Cramb, R. A., Garcia, J. N. M., Gerrits, R. V. and Saguiguit, G. C. (1999) Smallholder adoption of soil conservation technologies: Evidence from upland projects in the Philippines. Land Degradation and Development, 10 5: 405-423. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199909/10)10:5<405::AID-LDR334>3.0.CO;2-J

Author Cramb, R. A.
Garcia, J. N. M.
Gerrits, R. V.
Saguiguit, G. C.
Title Smallholder adoption of soil conservation technologies: Evidence from upland projects in the Philippines
Journal name Land Degradation and Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1085-3278
Publication date 1999
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/(SICI)1099-145X(199909/10)10:5<405::AID-LDR334>3.0.CO;2-J
Volume 10
Issue 5
Start page 405
End page 423
Total pages 19
Editor C. Barrow
Place of publication Chichester
Publisher John Wiley & Sons
Collection year 1999
Language eng
Subject C1
340201 Agricultural Economics
729999 Economic issues not elsewhere classified
Abstract Soil erosion due to smallholder agriculture in upland areas of the Philippines is widely regarded as the country's most serious environmental problem. There have been many upland development projects involving the promotion of soil conservation and agroforestry measures. Yet adoption of such practices has been minimal. A research project was commissioned to investigate the technical and socio-economic factors limiting adoption of recommended soil conservation technologies. The project involved case studies of seven locations where conservation farming had been intensively promoted and adopted by a significant number of farmers. The research methods involved a combination of reconnaissance or rapid rural appraisal methods followed by a questionnaire survey of a sample of farmers from each site. This paper summarizes the project's findings regarding the farm-level factors associated with the adoption of recommended soil conservation technologies in the case-study sites. Its focus is on the attributes of the farm-household influencing the adoption-decision process, and the consequences of adoption at the level of the farm-household system. It was found that conservation farming technologies, particularly hedgerows, were widely seen by farmers who were aware of them as useful and even necessary, but it had required resource-intensive project intervention to get the adoption process going, and adoption was often constrained by farmers' specific circumstances, rather than their personal attributes and perceptions. A wider range of more profitable and less demanding conservation technologies was needed, promoted more flexibly and with greater, on-going support for farmers in their efforts to experiment with improved farming systems. Copyright (C) 1999 John Wiley gi Sons, Ltd.
Keyword Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Soil Science
Soil Conservation
Upland Development
Farming Systems
Technology Transfer
Contour Hedgerows
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2008, 15:26:51 EST