At-risk and not at-risk primary school children: An examination of goal orientations and social reputations

Carroll, A, Baglioni, AJ, Houghton, S and Bramston, P (1999) At-risk and not at-risk primary school children: An examination of goal orientations and social reputations. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 69 3: 377-392. doi:10.1348/000709999157789


Author Carroll, A
Baglioni, AJ
Houghton, S
Bramston, P
Title At-risk and not at-risk primary school children: An examination of goal orientations and social reputations
Journal name British Journal of Educational Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-0998
Publication date 1999
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1348/000709999157789
Volume 69
Issue 3
Start page 377
End page 392
Total pages 16
Place of publication British Psychological Society
Publisher Leicester, UK
Collection year 1999
Language eng
Subject C1
330101 Educational Psychology
740102 Primary education
Abstract Aims. The purpose of the present research was to examine whether at-risk and not at-risk primary school aged students differ in two social and psychological domains (future goal orientations and social reputation). Sample. A total of 886 years 5, 6 and 7 students from five primary schools in the Brisbane metropolitan area of Queensland, Australia, participated in the study. Method. The Children's Activity Questionnaire which constitutes three parts (demographic information, the Importance of Goals Scale, and the Reputation Enhancement Scale) was administered under standardised conditions. Results. A series of multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA) and univariate F-tests performed on each of the sets of dependent variables (goal orientations and reputation enhancement) revealed significant differences between the at-risk and not at-risk participants on both goals and reputation. Conclusions. Not at-risk children sought to attain an Academic Image through education and interpersonal goals, whereas at-risk children sought a Social Image and attached greater importance to physical goals. In line with this, children in the not at-risk group perceived themselves and ideally wished to be perceived as a conforming person, while at-risk children perceived themselves and ideally wished to be perceived as non-conforming. Significant gender differences were also found on both sets of dependent variables, Comment. The findings are compared to recent research conducted with high school adolescents.
Keyword Psychology, Educational
Future Orientation
Early Adolescence
Self-concept
Delinquency
Achievement
Motivation
Performance
Determinants
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Education Publications
 
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