The purpose of the present research was to examine the extent to which the practices of drug education in a rural Queensland high school were based on the Principles for Drug Education proposed by the School Development in Health Education Project. The Principles for Drug Education are the only nationally accepted principles that fulfil Education Queensland's criteria to provide drug programs that are consistent with accepted principles for drug education in schools. Eighty-two students from Years 9, 10 and 11, and three teachers completed questionnaires which were specifically designed for the study. The results have implications for the implementation of drug education programs in schools. Developers of drug education programs need to promote their programs in schools; schools need support in terms of teacher education and professional resources.