The current management and economic status of Australian urban landfilling is summarized. Landfills in four Australian metropolitan areas (Brisbane, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth) were surveyed, focusing on management and economic issues. The management issues include aspects of site management and environmental monitoring. The economic components comprise the landfill charges, the capital and operating costs and the costs of site rehabilitation. It was found that: (1) in terms of the current landfill guidelines the average revel of compliance with respect to environmental management in these urban landfills is relatively low; (2) landfill tipping fees do not reflect the true costs of waste disposal; and (3) there are substantial cross-subsidies in regional landfill management systems.