How well are we doing? Metabolic control in patients with diabetes

Thomsett, M. J., Shield, G. J., Batch, J. A. and Cotterill, A. M. (1999) How well are we doing? Metabolic control in patients with diabetes. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 35 5: 479-482. doi:10.1046/j.1440-1754.1999.355424.x

Author Thomsett, M. J.
Shield, G. J.
Batch, J. A.
Cotterill, A. M.
Title How well are we doing? Metabolic control in patients with diabetes
Journal name Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1034-4810
Publication date 1999-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1046/j.1440-1754.1999.355424.x
Volume 35
Issue 5
Start page 479
End page 482
Total pages 4
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 1999
Language eng
Subject C1
321001 Anaesthesiology
730105 Endocrine organs and diseases (incl. diabetes)
Abstract Objective: To compare the present level of metabolic control in children and adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) attending Brisbane paediatric diabetes clinics with published overseas data. Methodology: Blood HbA(1c) concentrations, population characteristics, current treatment practices and short-term complications were recorded in all patients, aged 19 years and under, attending the diabetes clinics of the two Brisbane Children's Hospitals or the private practice of one of the authors (MJT) in the first quarter of 1998. Results: Two hundred and sixty-eight patients were assessed (M/F 142/126). Ages ranged from 1 to 19 years (mean 11.2 years); duration of IDDM was 0-16 years (mean 4.4 years); and 141 (53%) were pubertal. Of those aged less than 13 years, only 4% had more than two injections daily. Insulin doses (U/kg/day) rose with increasing age. Larger doses were required in regimens involving more than two injections per day than those involving one to two injections per day. Ketoacidosis or severe hypoglycaemia in the last 3 months were reported in eight (2.7%) and 17 (6.3%) of patients, respectively. Mean HbA(1c) (+/- SD) was 8.6 +/- 1.4% (range 5.2-14.0%), with 33% of children having a HbA(1c) concentration < 8%. HbA(1c) concentrations were significantly related (P < 0.05) to insulin dose and to duration of diabetes, but not to severe hypoglycaemia, ketoacidosis, age, frequency of injections, or number of clinic visits per year. Mean HbA(1c) concentration was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in those children in puberty (8.7 +/- 1.5%) than in those not in puberty (8.5 +/- 1.2%). Conclusions: Only 33% of patients had a HbA(1c) concentration less than 8% and 6.3% had a severe hypoglycaemic episode in the 3 months. These results are similar to published overseas data.
Keyword Pediatrics
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2008, 13:53:11 EST