Far from being made redundant by the end of the Cold War, terrorism remains the favoured instrument of the extreme and politically disaffected. Indeed in many ways, the practice has become even more complex, multifaceted and lethal. It continues to affect many regions of the world, particularly in the third world, repeatedly demonstrating its ability to undermine the normal course of socio-political interaction. In chronically affected states such as Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan and Algeria it is, arguably, one of the most important contributing factors to the wholesale breakdown of effective societal functioning. The use of terrorism has also widened in the 1990s, devolving down to the level of the amateur and part-timer. As the 1995 Oklahoma bombing vividly demonstrated, this type of ad hoc terrorism can be just as effective and deadly as that carried out by more established, 'professional' groups. Finally, as a mode of violence, terrorism has become progressively more violent and extreme, appearing, in certain instances, to be almost an end in itself (rather than a rational and limited means to an end). All of this suggests a disquieting trajectory for the future, not least in terms of the 'ultimate' Armageddon scenario of a major act of mass destruction terrorism. It is certainly unfortunate that just as the international system is approaching the end of the millennium and all the apocalyptic connotations this implies, terrorism has come of age as a threat which, while somewhat vague about its long term aims, is utterly ruthless in its short term intentions (Hoffman 1998:204-5).