An evaluation of brief correspondence programs for problem drinkers

Kavanagh, DJ, Sitharthan, T, Spilsbury, G and Vignaendra, S (1999) An evaluation of brief correspondence programs for problem drinkers. Behavior Therapy, 30 4: 641-656. doi:10.1016/S0005-7894(99)80030-6

Author Kavanagh, DJ
Sitharthan, T
Spilsbury, G
Vignaendra, S
Title An evaluation of brief correspondence programs for problem drinkers
Journal name Behavior Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0005-7894
Publication date 1999
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0005-7894(99)80030-6
Volume 30
Issue 4
Start page 641
End page 656
Total pages 16
Place of publication New York
Publisher Assoc for Advancement of Behavior Therapy
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Subject C3
321021 Psychiatry
730211 Mental health
Abstract The provision of accessible and cost-effective treatment to a large number of problem drinkers is a significant challenge to health services. Previous data suggest that a correspondence intervention may assist in these efforts. We recruited 277 people with alcohol abuse problems and randomly allocated them to immediate cognitive behavioral treatment by correspondence (ICBT), 2 months in a waiting list (WL2-CBT), self-monitoring (SM2-CBT), or extended self-monitoring (SM6-CBT). Everyone received correspondence CBT after the control period. Over 2 months later, no drop in alcohol intake occurred in the waiting list, and CBT had a greater impact than SM. No further gains from SM were seen after 2 months. Effects of CBT were well maintained and were equivalent, whether it was received immediately or after 2 to 6 months of self-monitoring. Weekly alcohol intake fell 48% from pretreatment to 18.6 alcohol units at 12 months. Our results confirmed that correspondence CBT for alcohol abuse was accessible and effective for people with low physical dependence.
Keyword Psychology, Clinical
Change Questionnaire
Brief Interventions
Controlled Drinking
Alcohol Dependence
Q-Index Code C3

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Online Health Publications
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2008, 13:20:48 EST