Resettlement for China's Three Gorges Dam: Socio-economic impact and institutional tensions

Jackson, Sukhan and Sleigh, Adrian (2000) Resettlement for China's Three Gorges Dam: Socio-economic impact and institutional tensions. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 33 2: 223-241. doi:10.1016/S0967-067X(00)00005-2


Author Jackson, Sukhan
Sleigh, Adrian
Title Resettlement for China's Three Gorges Dam: Socio-economic impact and institutional tensions
Journal name Communist and Post-Communist Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0967-067X
1873-6920
Publication date 2000-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/S0967-067X(00)00005-2
Volume 33
Issue 2
Start page 223
End page 241
Total pages 19
Place of publication Exeter, U.K.
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Subject C1
349901 Political Economy
729999 Economic issues not elsewhere classified
Formatted abstract
Large dams have been an important component of infrastructure development in capitalist and communist countries alike. In 1998, changing world attitudes on large darns led to a two-year World Commission on Dams and new global standards may soon insist that future projects pay fair compensation so that resettlement becomes voluntary. Now, 10 years after introduction of economic reforms, China is mobilizing its resources to build the world's largest dam. This fulfils a longstanding ambition to impound the Yangtze River in Central China at the Three Gorges and use the hydropower, improved navigation and flood control to develop the economy.

This paper examines the socio-economic impact of Three Gorges Dam on over 1.3 million people to be displaced while China is in transition to a market economy. We consider resettlement in terms of the decision-making structure, property rights and incentives to move, and how the project exacerbates problems created by market reforms, especially rising unemployment and deteriorating public health. We conclude the project is boosting economic expectations while adversely affecting large sections of the population, and this could provoke widespread social unrest and eventual changes in political institutions.
© 2000 The Regents of the University of California.
Keyword International Relations
Political Science
China
Dams
Emerging Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Property Rights
Public Health
Resettlement
Schistosomiasis
Three Gorges
Water Power
Yangtze River
Land
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Economics Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2008, 13:09:03 EST