An examination of the utility of the AUDIT in people with schizophrenia

Dawe, S, Seinen, A and Kavanagh, D (2000) An examination of the utility of the AUDIT in people with schizophrenia. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 61 5: 744-750.

Author Dawe, S
Seinen, A
Kavanagh, D
Title An examination of the utility of the AUDIT in people with schizophrenia
Journal name Journal of Studies on Alcohol   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0096-882X
Publication date 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 61
Issue 5
Start page 744
End page 750
Total pages 7
Place of publication New Jersey
Publisher Piscataway, Rutgers University
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Subject C1
321021 Psychiatry
Abstract Objective: To examine the reliability and validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) compared to a structured diagnostic interview, the Composite international Diagnostic Interview (CIDI; 12-month version) in psychiatric patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Method: Patients (N = 71, 53 men) were interviewed using the CIDI (Alcohol Misuse Section; 12-month version) and then completed the AUDIT. Results: The CIDI identified 32.4% of the sample as having an alcohol use disorder. Of these, 5 (7.0%) met diagnostic criteria for harmful use of alcohol, 1 (1.4%) met diagnostic criteria for alcohol abuse and 17 (23.9%) met diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence. The AUDIT was found to have good internal reliability (coefficient = 0.85). An AUDIT cutoff of greater than or equal to 8 had a sensitivity of 87% and specificity of 90% in detecting CIDI-diagnosed alcohol disorders. All items except Item 9 contributed significantly to discriminant validity. Conclusions: The findings replicate and extend previous findings of high rates of alcohol use disorders in people with severe mental illness. The AUDIT was found to be reliable and valid in this sample and can be used with confidence as a screening instrument for alcohol use disorders in people with schizophrenia.
Keyword Alcohol Dependence
Abuse
Hazardous
Harmful Use
Substance Abuse
Psychology
Alcohol-use Disorders
Identification Test Audit
Severe Mental-illness
Substance-abuse
Screening-test
Risk-drinking
Drug-abuse
Mast
Validity
Consumption
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Online Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2008, 12:53:33 EST