Estimation of erosion model erodibility parameters from media properties

Sheridan, G., So, B. H. B., Loch, R. J. and Walker, C. M. (2000) Estimation of erosion model erodibility parameters from media properties. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 38 2: 265-284.


Author Sheridan, G.
So, B. H. B.
Loch, R. J.
Walker, C. M.
Title Estimation of erosion model erodibility parameters from media properties
Journal name Australian Journal of Soil Research
ISSN 0004-9673: 1446-568X
Publication date 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/SR99041
Volume 38
Issue 2
Start page 265
End page 284
Total pages 20
Place of publication Sydney, NSW, Australia
Publisher CSIRO
Collection year 2000
Language eng
Subject C1
300100 Soil and Water Sciences
771007 Rehabilitation of degraded mining lands
770807 Rehabilitation of degraded farmland
Formatted abstract The aim of this research was to enable erodibility values for hillslope-scale erosion prediction models to be determined from easily measured media properties. Simulated rainfall and overland flow experiments were carried out on 34 soils and overburdens from 15 Queensland open-cut coal mines at The University of Queensland Erosion Processes Laboratory. Properties of the 34 media determined included aggregate stability, Atterberg limits, bulk density, cation exchange capacity, dispersion ratios, electrical conductivity, exchangeable sodium percentage, organic carbon content, pH, texture, and water content at field capacity and wilting point. Correlation and stepwise multiple regression procedures were used to determine those media properties that could best be used to predict rill and interill erodibility. Correlations between media properties and sediment delivery at each of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 30% slope revealed that different media properties were correlated with erosion rates at different slopes. A media property could show a strong correlation with erodibility at 30% slope, and a low correlation at 5% slope. Splitting the data set into soils only, and overburdens only, showed that properties that were positively correlated with erosion rates for one group could be negatively correlated for the other group. Therefore, in this study, erodibility could not be explicitly linked to one set of media properties for all medium types and erosive conditions. It was concluded that a single regression equation could not be used to predict erodibility under all conditions. Instead, 4 equations were developed to predict rill and interill erodibility, for soils and overburdens separately. The need for separate regression equations was attributed to the presence of different erosive sub-processes for specific combinations of medium type and slope gradient.
© CSIRO 2000
Keyword Mine
Mine-site
Overburden
Prediction
Soil
Spoil
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre Publications
 
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