Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in Korean War veterans 50 years after the war

Ikin, Jillian F., Sim, Malcolm R., McKenzie, Dean P., Horsley, Keith W. A., Wilson, Eileen J., Moore, Michael R., Jelfs, Paul, Harrex, Warren K. and Henderson, Scott (2007) Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in Korean War veterans 50 years after the war. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 190 6: 475-483. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.025684

Author Ikin, Jillian F.
Sim, Malcolm R.
McKenzie, Dean P.
Horsley, Keith W. A.
Wilson, Eileen J.
Moore, Michael R.
Jelfs, Paul
Harrex, Warren K.
Henderson, Scott
Title Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in Korean War veterans 50 years after the war
Journal name The British Journal of Psychiatry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0007-1250
Publication date 2007-06
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1192/bjp.bp.106.025684
Volume 190
Issue 6
Start page 475
End page 483
Total pages 9
Editor Peter Tyrer
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal College of Psychiatrists
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 321201 Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
329999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
379999 Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified
Formatted abstract
There has been no comprehensive investigation of psychological health in Australia’s Korean War veteran population, and few researchers are investigating the health of coalition Korean War veterans into old age.

To investigate the association between war service, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in Australia’s 7525 surviving male Korean War veterans and a community comparison group.

A survey was conducted using a self-report postal questionnaire which included the PTSD Checklist, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Combat Exposure Scale.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (OR 6.63, P<0.001), anxiety (OR 5.74, P<0.001) and depression (OR 5.45, P<0.001) were more prevalent in veterans than in the comparison group. These disorders were strongly associated with heavy combat and low rank.

Effective intervention is necessary to reduce the considerable psychological morbidity experienced by Korean War veterans. Attention to risk factors and early intervention will be necessary to prevent similar long-term psychological morbidity in veterans of more recent conflicts.
Keyword Psychiatry
Older Combat Veterans
Hospital Anxiety
Psychometric Properties
Former Prisoners
Ptsd Checklist
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Sat, 03 May 2008, 14:00:44 EST by Marie-Louise Moore on behalf of National Res Centre For Environmental Toxicology