Longitudinal predictors of changes to illicit drug use among young Australian women

Yorkston, Emily, Russell, Anne and Turner, Cathy (2007) Longitudinal predictors of changes to illicit drug use among young Australian women. Addiction, 102 11: 1798-1803. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01982.x

Author Yorkston, Emily
Russell, Anne
Turner, Cathy
Title Longitudinal predictors of changes to illicit drug use among young Australian women
Journal name Addiction   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-2140
Publication date 2007-11
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01982.x
Volume 102
Issue 11
Start page 1798
End page 1803
Total pages 6
Editor R. West
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 389999 Other Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
730201 Women's health
730219 Behaviour and health
321200 Public Health and Health Services
Formatted abstract
Aim Much information regarding predictors of illicit drug initiation and cessation is drawn from cross-sectional data. This paper aims to determine the longitudinal changes in factors associated with initiation and cessation of illicit drugs by young Australian women over a 3-year period.

Participants The sample was the cohort of young women moving from their mid- to late 20s, completing the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) survey in 2000 and 2003, who were either 'new' users or 'quitters' at the 2003 survey.

Measurements Crude and multivariate associations between changes in predictor variables and the probability of illicit drug initiation or cessation were evaluated. Variables significant in univariate analyses were used to create multivariable logistic regression models which predicted initiation and cessation of illicit drugs.

Findings All categories of smokers, except ex-smokers and those who adopted and quit smoking between surveys, were less likely to cease the use of illicit drugs. Women who became pregnant were more likely to cease illicit drug use. Women who continued to drink at levels described as long-/short-term risk and women who suffered continuing emotional abuse were less likely to cease use of illicit drugs.

Conclusions Longitudinal studies that examine factors associated with illicit drug initiation are best conducted in a cohort aged in their late teens to early 20s. Following the current cohort into their late 30s may further explain predictors of illicit drug cessation.
Keyword Cessation
street drugs
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

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Created: Wed, 23 Apr 2008, 17:04:14 EST by Allison Peacock on behalf of Faculty Of Health Sciences