Effect of multiple transverse modes in self-mixing sensors based on vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Tucker, John R., Rakic, Aleksandar D., O'Brien, Christopher J. and Zvyagin, Andrei V. (2007) Effect of multiple transverse modes in self-mixing sensors based on vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Applied Optics, 46 4: 611-619. doi:10.1364/AO.46.000611

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Author Tucker, John R.
Rakic, Aleksandar D.
O'Brien, Christopher J.
Zvyagin, Andrei V.
Title Effect of multiple transverse modes in self-mixing sensors based on vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers
Journal name Applied Optics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-6935
Publication date 2007-02-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1364/AO.46.000611
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 46
Issue 4
Start page 611
End page 619
Total pages 9
Editor Wyant, J.
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher Optical Society of America
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 240401 Optics and Opto-electronic Physics
290901 Electrical Engineering
299904 Engineering/Technology Instrumentation
291599 Biomedical Engineering not elsewhere classified
700399 Communication services not elsewhere classified
Abstract We investigate the effect of coexisting transverse modes on the operation of self-mixing sensors based on vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). The effect of multiple transverse modes on the measurement of displacement and distance were examined by simulation and in laboratory experiment. The simulation model shows that the periodic change in the shape and magnitude of the self-mixing signal with modulation current can be properly explained by the different frequency-modulation coefficients of the respective transverse modes in VCSELs. The simulation results are in excellent agreement with measurements performed on single-mode and multimode VCSELs and on self-mixing sensors based on these VCSELs.
Keyword Interferometry
Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers
Laser range finder
Laser sensors
Doppler Velocimetry
External Optical Feedback
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Created: Sun, 15 Apr 2007, 11:36:15 EST by Mr John Tucker on behalf of School of Engineering