Migration, gender and security issues in the Pacific: complicating conflict discourse

Johnson, Helen (2007) Migration, gender and security issues in the Pacific: complicating conflict discourse. Global Change, Peace and Security, 19 3: 243-258. doi:10.1080/14781150701599432

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Author Johnson, Helen
Title Migration, gender and security issues in the Pacific: complicating conflict discourse
Journal name Global Change, Peace and Security   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1478-1158
1478-1166
Publication date 2007-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/14781150701599432
Open Access Status
Volume 19
Issue 3
Start page 243
End page 258
Total pages 16
Editor G. Myconos
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
220000 Social Sciences, Humanities and Arts - General
750202 The creative arts
Abstract This article explores the intersections between migrants (international, internal and settlerdescendent), gender, and human security. It focuses on Fiji, Bougainville and New Caledonia as distinctive Pacific contexts in which to analyse how colonial and contemporary migration flows have contributed to the destabilization of local communities. It works to complicate the pervasive discourse about women as ‘victims’ of conflict by describing women’s contributions to peace-building and human security in Fiji and Bougainville, as well as women’s involvement in conflict in Kanak peoples’ struggles for independence in New Caledonia and their subsequent peace-building efforts. The Fiji Women Peace and Security Coordinating Committee exemplifies how indigenous women are working with contemporary settler-descendents of colonial migrants as committed peace-builders. In Bougainville continuous conflict is linked to the stresses generated by contemporary migration, as people move within Papua New Guinea and others move from the Solomon Islands and elsewhere to obtain value from resource extraction enterprises, thus creating ongoing tensions with and within indigenous communities. Yet collectives such as the Bougainville Women for Peace and Freedom group have effectively worked to build peace in their island’s communities. Although Kanak women contributed to struggles for social, political and economic independence in New Caledonia throughout the 20th century, which arose from a history of colonial migration and the social impact of contemporary migration, in recent years Kanak women have worked towards the reconciliation of indigenous Kanak communities with settler-descendent and contemporary international migrants via political structures and organizations.
Keyword Migrants
Gender
Human security
Fiji
Bougainville
New Caledonia
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Fri, 04 Apr 2008, 11:39:12 EST by Karen Hargreave on behalf of School of Social Science