Flinders Island spotted fever rickettsioses caused by "marmionii" strain of rickettsia honei, Eastern Australia

Unsworth, Nathan B., Stenos, John, Graves, Stephen R., Faa, Antony G., Cox, G. Erika, Dyer, John R., Boutlis, Craig S., Lane, Amanda M., Shaw, Matthew D., Robson, Jennifer and Nissen, Michael D. (2007) Flinders Island spotted fever rickettsioses caused by "marmionii" strain of rickettsia honei, Eastern Australia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 13 4: 566-573.

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Author Unsworth, Nathan B.
Stenos, John
Graves, Stephen R.
Faa, Antony G.
Cox, G. Erika
Dyer, John R.
Boutlis, Craig S.
Lane, Amanda M.
Shaw, Matthew D.
Robson, Jennifer
Nissen, Michael D.
Title Flinders Island spotted fever rickettsioses caused by "marmionii" strain of rickettsia honei, Eastern Australia
Formatted title
Flinders Island Spotted Fever Rickettsioses caused by "marmionii" strain of Rickettsia honei, Eastern Australia.
Journal name Emerging Infectious Diseases   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1080-6040
Publication date 2007-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 13
Issue 4
Start page 566
End page 573
Total pages 8
Editor K. S. Korach
D. P. Drotman
Place of publication United States of America
Publisher U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
270304 Infectious Agents
270303 Virology
730101 Infectious diseases
Formatted abstract
Australia has 4 rickettsial diseases: murine typhus, Queensland tick typhus, Flinders Island spotted fever, and scrub typhus. We describe 7 cases of a rickettsiosis with an acute onset and symptoms of fever (100%), headache (71 %), arthralgia (43%), myalgia (43%), cough (43%), maculopapular/petechial rash (43%), nausea (29%), pharyngitis (29%), lymphadenopathy (29%), and eschar (29%). Cases were most prevalent in autumn and from eastern Australia, including Queensland, Tasmania, and South Australia. One patient had a history of tick bite (Haemaphysalis novaeguineae). An isolate shared 99.2%, 99.8%, 99.8%, 99.9%, and 100% homology with the 17 kDa, ompA, gltA, 16S rRNA, and Sca4 genes, respectively, of Rickettsia honei. This Australian rickettsiosis has similar symptoms to Flinders Island spotted fever, and the strain is genetically related to R. honei. It has been designated the "marmionii" strain of R. honei, in honor of Australian physician and scientist Barrie Marmion.
Keyword Flinders Island spotted fever rickettsioses
"marmionii" strain of Rickettsiaa honei
Eastern Australia
Murine typhus
Queensland tick typhus
scrub typhus
Q-Index Code C1

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Created: Tue, 01 Apr 2008, 13:00:14 EST by Lesley Arnicar on behalf of Clinical Medical Virology Centre