Childhood Sexual Abuse and Cannabis Use in Early Adulthood: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort Study

Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad R., Najman, Jake M., Jamrozik, Konrad, Mamun, Abdullah A., O'Callaghan, Michael J. and Williams, Gail M. (2009) Childhood Sexual Abuse and Cannabis Use in Early Adulthood: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort Study. Archives of Sexual Behaviour, 38 1: 135-142. doi:10.1007/s10508-007-9172-5

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Author Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad R.
Najman, Jake M.
Jamrozik, Konrad
Mamun, Abdullah A.
O'Callaghan, Michael J.
Williams, Gail M.
Title Childhood Sexual Abuse and Cannabis Use in Early Adulthood: Findings from an Australian Birth Cohort Study
Journal name Archives of Sexual Behaviour   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-0002
Publication date 2009-02
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10508-007-9172-5
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 38
Issue 1
Start page 135
End page 142
Total pages 8
Editor Kenneth J. Zucker
Place of publication United States
Publisher Springer/Plenum Publishers
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
321202 Epidemiology
321210 Community Child Health
730205 Substance abuse
730204 Child health
Abstract Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a wide range of health problems later in life. The impact of CSA on young adults’ use of cannabis remains under-studied. We examined the extent to which exposure to CSA was associated with increased rates of use of cannabis in early adulthood in a birth cohort of 3,285 Australian children followed-up to the age of 21 years, when retrospective reports of CSA were obtained from sample participants along with information on their use of cannabis at 21 years. Young adult men and women who reported experiencing CSA had significantly higher rates of frequent use of cannabis in early adulthood, defined as use of cannabis at least “every few days.” In multivariate analyses, men who reported a history of CSA had an odds ratio (OR) of 2.1 (95% CI = 1.1–3.9) for frequent use of cannabis at the age of 21 years. For women, there was an OR of 3.9 (95% CI = 2.4–6.3). Family and individual factors measured earlier in the study did not confound these associations. The findings suggest that children experiencing CSA have a substantially greater risk of use of cannabis and, in particular, its frequent use in early adulthood. Further research is required to explore factors that explain the pathway linking CSA and use of cannabis in early adulthood
Keyword Cannabis
Childhood sexual abuse
Young adulthood
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published before print online, SpringerLink date: Tuesday, July 31, 2007 PMID 17665391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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Created: Fri, 28 Mar 2008, 16:50:37 EST