Association of resistance exercise with impaired glucose metabolism in adults - a population-based study

Dunstan, David W., Daly, Robin M., Owen, Neville, Salmon, Jo, Healy, Genevieve N., Hawley, John A., Shaw, Jonathan E., Jolley, Damien and Zimmet, Paul Z. (2007). Association of resistance exercise with impaired glucose metabolism in adults - a population-based study. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 54th Annual Meeting. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 54th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, (S152-S152). 30 May - 2 June 2007. doi:10.1249/01.mss.0000273551.72678.b2


Author Dunstan, David W.
Daly, Robin M.
Owen, Neville
Salmon, Jo
Healy, Genevieve N.
Hawley, John A.
Shaw, Jonathan E.
Jolley, Damien
Zimmet, Paul Z.
Title of paper Association of resistance exercise with impaired glucose metabolism in adults - a population-based study
Conference name American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 54th Annual Meeting
Conference location New Orleans, Louisiana
Conference dates 30 May - 2 June 2007
Proceedings title Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Proceedings of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) 54th Annual Meeting   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Maryland, USA
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publication Year 2007
Sub-type Poster
DOI 10.1249/01.mss.0000273551.72678.b2
ISSN 0195-9131
Volume 39
Issue 5 Supplement
Start page S152
End page S152
Total pages 1
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
PURPOSE: We examined the association of participation in resistance exercise with impaired glucose metabolism in Australian adults.


METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study undertaken in 2004/2005 (AusDiab) included 5,775 adults aged >= 25 years who were free from diagnosed diabetes mellitus. Impaired glucose metabolism (impaired fasting glycemia, impaired glucose tolerance or undiagnosed diabetes) was based on an oral glucose tolerance test (1999 WHO criteria). Self-reported resistance exercise time (BRFSS) and total PA time (previous week) was assessed using an interviewer-administered questionnaire.


RESULTS:
There were 1,036 individuals identified as having impaired glucose metabolism. The percentage of adults who reported participating in some form of resistance exercise was similar in men and women (20.6%) and decreased with advancing age(p = 0.001). In those with impaired glucose metabolism, 14.0% reported some resistance exercise in the previous week, compared to 22.0% in those with normal glucose metabolism. In multivariate regression analyses adjusted for age, education, smoking, parental history of diabetes, TV viewing time and total PA time, the odds ratio (OR) of having impaired glucose metabolism were 1.63 (95% CI: 1.2-2.2) in men and 1.32 (1.0-1.7) in women who did not undertake resistance exercise, compared with those who reported some resistance exercise. Further adjustment for waist circumference attenuated the associations; they remained significant in men [OR 1.5 (1.1-2.0)], but not in women [OR 1.2 (0.9-1.6)].


CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest a protective effect of resistance exercise, independent of total PA time, on impaired glucose metabolism in adults. Resistance exercise should be considered in programs addressing the primary prevention of diabetes in persons with impaired glucose metabolism.
Subjects 11 Medical and Health Sciences
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes poster number: 1192

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 28 Mar 2008, 16:15:55 EST