Particle image velocimetry measurements of blood flow in a modeled carotid artery bifurcation

Buchmann, N. A. and Jermy, M. C. (2007). Particle image velocimetry measurements of blood flow in a modeled carotid artery bifurcation. In: Peter Jacobs, Tim McIntyre, Matthew Cleary, David Buttsworth, David Mee, Rose Clements, Richard Morgan and Charles Lemckert, 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC). 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC), Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, (60-67). 3-7 December, 2007.

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Author Buchmann, N. A.
Jermy, M. C.
Title of paper Particle image velocimetry measurements of blood flow in a modeled carotid artery bifurcation
Conference name 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Conference location Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Conference dates 3-7 December, 2007
Proceedings title 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Place of Publication Brisbane, Australia
Publisher School of Engineering, The University of Queensland
Publication Year 2007
Year available 2007
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 978-1-864998-94-8
Editor Peter Jacobs
Tim McIntyre
Matthew Cleary
David Buttsworth
David Mee
Rose Clements
Richard Morgan
Charles Lemckert
Start page 60
End page 67
Total pages 8
Collection year 2007
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Cardiovascular diseases are on of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the western world. Amongst these diseases, atherosclerosis, a progressive narrowing of the arterial wall is one of the most severe and if untreated may lead to stroke or ischemic infarction. Fluid mechanic forces are a key player in the early development and progression of atherosclerosis and a better understanding of the interplay between haemodynamic and vascular diseases is needed. The carotid artery (CA) in one of the predominant sites of atherosclerotic plaque formation. In this work a transparent, scaled model of an average human carotid artery (AHCA) bifurcation was constructed and steady blood flow at Re = 290 and Re = 700 was simulated using an aqueous glycerin solution. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements were performed in the plane of bifurcation and three axial planes in the carotid sinus. Flow inside the CA bifurcation was found to be three-dimensional with strong secondary currents due to the curvature of the vessel. An accurate method for wall shear stress (WSS) calculation along the outer internal carotid artery (ICA) wall is introduced. The method was tested against synthetically generated particle images and was found to perform best for an 8x8 pix2 interrogation windows. A large low momentum flow region with low WSS along the outer ICA wall exists, posing the potential for atherosclerotic plaque formation. Calculated WSS ranged between 0 and 21. Pa and compared well with in-vivo data.
Subjects 240000 Physical Sciences
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

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Created: Thu, 13 Mar 2008, 15:30:36 EST by Thelma Whitbourne on behalf of School of Engineering