Asperger syndrome and/or high functioning autism: Clinical application of findings from research into language and communication skills.

Lewis, F. M., Murdoch, B. E. and Woodyatt, G. C. (2007) Asperger syndrome and/or high functioning autism: Clinical application of findings from research into language and communication skills.. Communicative Disorders Review, 1 1: 37-47.

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Author Lewis, F. M.
Murdoch, B. E.
Woodyatt, G. C.
Title Asperger syndrome and/or high functioning autism: Clinical application of findings from research into language and communication skills.
Journal name Communicative Disorders Review
ISSN 1933-2831
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 1
Issue 1
Start page 37
End page 47
Total pages 11
Editor Kent, R. A.
Place of publication USA
Publisher Plural Publishing
Collection year 2008
Subject 330108 Special Education
330109 Assessment and Evaluation
321025 Rehabilitation and Therapy - Hearing and Speech
321214 Health and Community Services
730303 Occupational, speech and physiotherapy
C1
Abstract Background: Historically the terms Asperger syndrome (AS) and high functioning autism (HFA) have been used synonymously. The inclusion of AS as categorically distinct from Autistic Disorder in DSM-IV, however, constituted a break from the historical view of AS and HFA being similar presentations. Yet the question of a shared etiology between AS and HFA has defined a number of differing theoretical approaches to examining the language and communication abilities associated with the disorders. Debate regarding the external validation of AS from HFA has been the focus of research for more than a decade. Within the same time frame, and separate from the validation debate, a small number of studies have examined a range of language and communication skills associated with participant groups composed of individuals with autism with normal intelligence, AS, and/or HFA. In response to the validation debate, an alternative conceptualization, that of AS and HFA being presentations on a spectrum of autistic disorders, has been proposed. Aims: This review seeks to establish whether recent research findings have had a positive contribution to the clinical understanding of language and communication difficulties associated with AS and HFA. Conclusions: An evaluation of the literature suggests that the ongoing validation debate has had limited research and clinical value. Furthermore, the review findings suggest that conclusions from combined AS/HFA studies have limited clinical application due to the heterogeneity of the AS/HFA presentation. The results of the current review suggest that the conceptualization of AS and HFA as presentations on a spectrum of autistic disorders may have more useful application, both in research and clinical practice.
Keyword asperger syndrome
autism spectrum disorder
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Tue, 11 Mar 2008, 13:08:02 EST