Body change strategies in children : relationship to age and gender

Lawrie, Z., Sullivan, E. A., Davies, P. S. W. and Hill, R. J. (2007) Body change strategies in children : relationship to age and gender. Eating Behaviors, 8 3: 357-363. doi:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2006.11.011


Author Lawrie, Z.
Sullivan, E. A.
Davies, P. S. W.
Hill, R. J.
Title Body change strategies in children : relationship to age and gender
Journal name Eating Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-0153
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2006.11.011
Volume 8
Issue 3
Start page 357
End page 363
Total pages 7
Editor P. Miller
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 321205 Nutrition and Dietetics
730204 Child health
C1
Abstract The "Body Image and Body Change Inventory Questionnaire" was administered to 958 students, aged 8.00-13.99 years, to determine the types of strategies used by children to accomplish changes in body size/shape. Each individual strategy score was compared for each gender and with respect to age. The girls' score for food restrictive practices was significantly higher than for other body change strategies. For the boys, the score for the use of food and exercise strategies to increase muscle size was significantly higher than all other practices except exercise strategies to increase body size. Both boys and girls reported the lowest scores for food and exercise strategies to increase body weight. The variance explained by age was small and not considered biologically significant. While the findings do not demonstrate a relationship between desire to change body size/shape and age, weight concerns should not be overlooked, as both genders seem concerned with keeping their body weight low. The different practices used by each gender demonstrate that different body image ideals hold for boys and girls.
Keyword Adolescent
*Body Image
*Body Size
Body Weight
Child
Culture
Diet, Reducing/*psychology
Exercise/*psychology
Female
Health Surveys
Humans
Male
Personality Inventory/*statistics & numerical data
Queensland
Sex Factors
Somatotypes/*psychology
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2008 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 07 Mar 2008, 15:11:17 EST by Sarah Elliott on behalf of Paediatrics & Child Health - RBWH