Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification

Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P. J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R. S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, C. D., Sale, P. F., Edwards, A. J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R. H., Dubi, A. and Hatziolos, M. E. (2007) Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science, 318 5857: 1737-1742.


Author Hoegh-Guldberg, O.
Mumby, P. J.
Hooten, A. J.
Steneck, R. S.
Greenfield, P.
Gomez, E.
Harvell, C. D.
Sale, P. F.
Edwards, A. J.
Caldeira, K.
Knowlton, N.
Eakin, C. M.
Iglesias-Prieto, R.
Muthiga, N.
Bradbury, R. H.
Dubi, A.
Hatziolos, M. E.
Title Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification
Journal name Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0036-8075
1095-9203
0096-3771
Publication date 2007-12-14
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1126/science.1152509
Volume 318
Issue 5857
Start page 1737
End page 1742
Total pages 6
Editor D. Kennedy
M. Bradford
Place of publication Washington, DC, U.S.A.
Publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 270702 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
C1
760101 Global climate change adaptation measures
Formatted abstract Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2°C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. The result will be less diverse reef communities and carbonate reef structures that fail to be maintained. Climate change also exacerbates local stresses from declining water quality and overexploitation of key species, driving reefs increasingly toward the tipping point for functional collapse. This review presents future scenarios for coral reefs that predict increasingly serious consequences for reef-associated fisheries, tourism, coastal protection, and people. As the International Year of the Reef 2008 begins, scaled-up management intervention and decisive action on global emissions are required if the loss of coral-dominated ecosystems is to be avoided.
Keyword Multidisciplinary sciences
Glacial cycles
Marine
Dynamics
Ecology
Disturbances
Recruitment
Thresholds
Resilience
Recovery
Islands
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes This document is a journal review.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
2008 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Centre for Marine Studies Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 15:53:51 EST