Buffered forgetting: When targets and distractors are both forgotten

Weeks, Clinton S., Humphreys, Michael S. and Hockley, William E. (2007) Buffered forgetting: When targets and distractors are both forgotten. Memory and Cognition, 35 6: 1267-1282. doi:10.3758/BF03193600


Author Weeks, Clinton S.
Humphreys, Michael S.
Hockley, William E.
Title Buffered forgetting: When targets and distractors are both forgotten
Journal name Memory and Cognition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-502X
1532-5946
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/BF03193600
Volume 35
Issue 6
Start page 1267
End page 1282
Total pages 16
Editor MacLeod, C
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
380102 Learning, Memory, Cognition and Language
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
Abstract In three experiments, we investigated prior findings that following some memory tasks, essentially flat d ' or forced-choice retention curves are produced. These curves have been interpreted as indicating that forgetting is not present over the intervals examined, however, we propose in this article that forgetting is actually present whenever hit rates and false alarm rates are both declining, despite the result being a flat retention curve. We demonstrate that such curves can be produced using a pair recognition procedure, a plurality discrimination task, and a verbal discrimination task. For all of these tasks, we provide either new evidence or refer to evidence already in the literature that tends to contradict alternative explanations. Then we show how the failure to consider both signal strength and noise has led to distortions in theoretical thinking about forgetting.
Keyword Psychology, Experimental
Receiver-operating Characteristics
Cumulative Proactive-inhibition
Dual-process Model
Recall-to-reject
Recognition Memory
Process Dissociation
Decision-processes
Roc Curves
Familiarity
Recollection
Q-Index Code C1
Institutional Status UQ

 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 15:31:16 EST