A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia

Evans, D, Pottier, C, Fletcher, R, Hensley, S, Tapley, I, Milne, A and Barbetti, M (2007) A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia. Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America, 104 36: 14277-14282. doi:10.1073/pnas.0702525104


Author Evans, D
Pottier, C
Fletcher, R
Hensley, S
Tapley, I
Milne, A
Barbetti, M
Title A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia
Journal name Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0027-8424
Publication date 2007-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1073/pnas.0702525104
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 104
Issue 36
Start page 14277
End page 14282
Total pages 6
Place of publication Washington
Publisher Natl Acad Sciences
Language eng
Abstract The great medieval settlement of Angkor in Cambodia [9th-16th centuries Common Era (CE)] has for many years been understood as a "hydraulic city," an urban complex defined, sustained, and ultimately overwhelmed by a complex water management network. Since the 1980s that view has been disputed, but the debate has remained unresolved because of insufficient data on the landscape beyond the great temples: the broader context of the monumental remains was only partially understood and had not been adequately mapped. Since the 1990s, French, Australian, and Cambodian teams have sought to address this empirical deficit through archaeological mapping projects by using traditional methods such as ground survey in conjunction with advanced radar remote-sensing applications in partnership with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Here we present a major outcome of that research: a comprehensive archaeological map of greater Angkor, covering nearly 3,000 km(2), prepared by the Greater Angkor Project (GAP). The map reveals a vast, low-density settlement landscape integrated by an elaborate water management network covering > 1,000 km(2), the most extensive urban complex of the preindustrial world. It is now clear that anthropogenic changes to the landscape were both extensive and substantial enough to have created grave challenges to the long-term viability of the settlement.
Keyword Multidisciplinary Sciences
archaeology
geographic information systems
remote sensing
southeast Asia
urbanism
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Journal Article Import (ISI/CVs)
 
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Created: Tue, 19 Feb 2008, 01:01:01 EST