Equine laminitis: ultrastructural lesions detected 24-30 hours after induction with oligofructose

Nourian, A. R., Baldwin, G. I., Van Eps, A. W. and Pollitt, C. C. (2007) Equine laminitis: ultrastructural lesions detected 24-30 hours after induction with oligofructose. Equine Veterinary Journal, 39 4: 360-364. doi:10.2746/042516407X177448

Author Nourian, A. R.
Baldwin, G. I.
Van Eps, A. W.
Pollitt, C. C.
Title Equine laminitis: ultrastructural lesions detected 24-30 hours after induction with oligofructose
Journal name Equine Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0425-1644
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2746/042516407X177448
Volume 39
Issue 4
Start page 360
End page 364
Total pages 5
Place of publication Newmarket
Publisher Equine Veterinary Journal Ltd
Language eng
Subject 300501 Veterinary Medicine
Formatted abstract
Reasons for performing study: The pathology of equine laminitis has been well-documented 48 h after dosing with oligofructose when clinical lameness and lamellar disintegration is well advanced. Further analysis of the earliest lesions, by collecting lamellar samples at the first sign of foot lameness after oligofructose dosing is required in order to increase understanding of the disease.

Objectives: To investigate lamellar epidermal hemidesmosome damage and basement membrane dysadhesion by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

: Eight clinically normal, mature Standardbred horses were divided randomly into 2 groups of 4. The treatment group were dosed with oligofructose (10 g/kg bwt) and subjected to euthanasia when shifting weight from one foot to other commenced and at the first sign of lameness during walking and turning. This occurred at 24 h in 3 horses and 30 h in one. The sham treatment control group were dosed with water and subjected to euthanasia after 48 h. Lamellar tissues of the front feet were harvested and processed for ultrastructural study using TEM.

Results: Examination by TEM showed excessive waviness of the basement membrane zone and pointed tips of some secondary epidermal lamellae, an ultrastructural lesion typical of laminitis. The average number of hemidesmosomes/μm of basement membrane was decreased and their distance from the centre of the lamina densa of the basement membrane was increased.

Conclusions: Laminitis lesions are detectable 24 h after oligofructose administration.

Potential relevance: Hindgut events occurring in the first 24 h after dosing have begun the destruction of the hoof lamellar interface. Prevention and treatment strategies should precede lameness if they are to be efficacious.
Keyword Veterinary Sciences
basement membrane
Walnut-induced Laminitis
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Prodromal Stage
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 14:22:21 EST