A new approach to the study of diet and risk of Type 2 diabetes

Jinlin, Fu, Binyou, W. and Terry, C. (2007) A new approach to the study of diet and risk of Type 2 diabetes. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 53 2: 139-143.


Author Jinlin, Fu
Binyou, W.
Terry, C.
Title A new approach to the study of diet and risk of Type 2 diabetes
Journal name Journal of Postgraduate Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3859
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Editorial
DOI 10.4103/0022-3859.32219
Volume 53
Issue 2
Start page 139
End page 143
Total pages 5
Editor A. Goel
Place of publication Mumbai
Publisher Medknow Publications
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
321299 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
730299 Public health not elsewhere classified
Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a polygenetic disorder resulting from interaction of both hereditary and environmental factors. Diet is an important environmental factor in the development of T2DM. However, there existed inconsistent conclusions among previous studies. The validity of a study of associations between diet and diabetes depends on the method used in the study. Associations between individual nutrients/foods and T2DM have been explored even till today, but the controversy is still unsolved due to the limitations of the study methods such as interactions among nutrients. Emergence of analyses on dietary patterns and diabetes shows its popularity in the studies of associations of dietary patterns with T2DM, but only a few articles have been published. In this review, dietary-pattern-related studies since 1990 were identified by searching through Medline and PubMed in order to analyze methods used in the studies of diabetes. A dietary pattern approach was introduced as an alternative complementary way used to test associations of diet with risk of T2DM and the advantages of the studies of T2DM using this new approach are also explored. It is concluded that the dietary pattern approach shows its advantages over that using individual nutrients or foods in studies on associations between the diet and diabetes, but its reproducibility and validity for such effects, however, need to be further verified in different ethnic population-based on diverse eating habits. The long-term effects of a beneficial dietary pattern on T2DM also require clarifying in future studies.
Keyword Medicine, General & Internal
approach
diet
dietary pattern
noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
type 2 diabetes
Food-frequency Questionnaire
Coronary-heart-disease
Middle-aged Women
Eating Patterns
Nutritional Epidemiology
Framingham Nutrition
Metabolic Syndrome
Cluster-analysis
British Adults
Meat Intake
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Editorial
Collections: 2008 Higher Education Research Data Collection
School of Population Health Publications
 
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