A new, extinct pleistocene reef coral from the Montastraea ‘‘Annularis’’ species complex

Pandolfi, John M. (2007) A new, extinct pleistocene reef coral from the Montastraea ‘‘Annularis’’ species complex. Journal of Paleontology, 81 3: 472-482.


Author Pandolfi, John M.
Title A new, extinct pleistocene reef coral from the Montastraea ‘‘Annularis’’ species complex
Journal name Journal of Paleontology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-3360
Publication date 2007-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1666/pleo05046.1
Volume 81
Issue 3
Start page 472
End page 482
Total pages 11
Editor A. F. Budd
B. J. Witzke
J. Adrain
J. Golden
Place of publication Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A.
Publisher Paleontological Soc Inc
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject 260112 Palaeontology
C1
770300 Marine Environment
Abstract A new species of the Montastraea "annularis" species complex is herein described from Pleistocene coral reefs of the Caribbean Sea. The species, Montastraea nancyi n. sp., had a broad geographic distribution at mainly insular sites 125 Ka. It has a fossil record extending from >600 Ka (thousand years) to 82 Ka, both first and last occurrences exclusively on the island of Barbados. It also had a broad environmental tolerance, occurring in fringing, windward back-reef and reef-crest, leeward reef-crest, and lagoonal patch-reef environments. In every habitat in which it lived, there are examples that it either dominated the coral fauna or shared dominance with Acropora palmata, a dominant shallow water coral in high-energy Pleistocene and modem reefs. The extinction of Montastraea nancyi resulted in evolutionary and ecological change in surviving members of the M. "annularis" species complex.
Keyword Paleontology
Building Coral
Reproductive Isolation
Netherlands-antilles
Community Structure
Scleractinia
Boundaries
America
Curacao
Growth
Form
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 17:07:17 EST