The effect of ionizing irradiation of post-larvae on subsequent survival and reproductive performance in the Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus (Marmpenaeus) japonicus (Bate)

Sellars, Melony J., Coman, Greg J., Callaghan, Tamera R., Arnold, Stuart J., Wakeling, Jan, Degnan, Bernard M. and Preston, Nigel P. (2007) The effect of ionizing irradiation of post-larvae on subsequent survival and reproductive performance in the Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus (Marmpenaeus) japonicus (Bate). Aquaculture, 264 1-4: 309-322. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.01.009


Author Sellars, Melony J.
Coman, Greg J.
Callaghan, Tamera R.
Arnold, Stuart J.
Wakeling, Jan
Degnan, Bernard M.
Preston, Nigel P.
Title The effect of ionizing irradiation of post-larvae on subsequent survival and reproductive performance in the Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus (Marmpenaeus) japonicus (Bate)
Formatted title
The effect of ionizing irradiation of post-larvae on subsequent survival and reproductive performance in the Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus (Marmpenaeus) japonicus (Bate)
Journal name Aquaculture   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0044-8486
Publication date 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.01.009
Volume 264
Issue 1-4
Start page 309
End page 322
Total pages 14
Editor R. P. Wilson
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier Science BV
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
270802 Diagnostic Applications
630303 Aquaculture
Abstract Considerable genetic advances in the Kuruma shrimp, Penaeus (Marsupenaeus)japonicus, have been achieved in the last decade, creating the demand for a technique to provide genetic copyright and prevent escapees from farm,ponds genetically contributing to natural fishery populations. The induction of sexual sterility is one technique that may provide such protection. This study evaluated the potential of sterilizing reproductive age (10 month old) P. japonicus by ionizing irradiation (IR) treatment at an early life-history stage. To achieve this, a lethal dose curve was established for post-larval stage 15 (PL15) shrimp by treating with different doses of IR. From this curve, six irradiation levels - all below the 100% mortality treatment - were trialed, ranging from 0 to 30 Gray (Gy). Another group of PL15 Pjaponicus were subsequently exposed to the six IR treatments and then reared until sexual maturity, at which time their survival and reproductive performance were assessed. At 8 months of age, females and males from each of the 0, 10, 15 and 20 Gy treatment groups were reciprocally crossed to give 16 mating combinations, whilst females and males from each of the 25 and 30 Gy treatment groups were directly crossed with 0 Gy shrimp of the opposite gender to give four direct mating crosses. At 10 months of age, all females had their reproductive performance assessed in a standardized 30 day trial. The percentage of females maturing and spawning in the 0 Gy treatment group (80.97 +/- 5.5% and 69.9 +/- 5.77%) were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than for I R treated females in the 10, 15 and 20 Gy treatment groups (63.93 +/- 5.34%, 61.68 +/- 5.77% and 43.66 +/- 6.03% for percentage maturations and 51.44 +/- 5.5%, 49.69 +/- 6.04% and 38.94 +/- 6.31% for percentage spawnings). Similarly, the number of maturations and spawnings per female in the 0 Gy treatment group (1.50 +/- 0.13 and 1.24 +/- 0.12) were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than for IR treated females in the 10, 15, and 20 Gy treatment groups (1.13 +/- 0.12, 1.04 +/- 0.13 and 0.76 +/- 0.14 for the number of maturations and 0.88 +/- 0.12, 0.84 +/- 0.13 and 0.67 +/- 0.13 for the number of spawnings). The effects of IR on protozoeal metamorphosis varied. No differences in fecundity, hatch rates, gonadal somatic indices or gonadal histology were found between control and irradiated shrimp. These results indicate that IR of PL15 P. japonicus had some effect on ovarian maturation and spawning, however IR was not able to confer sterility in shrimp. Treatment of PL15s with IR that does not result in death (i.e. between 10 and 30 Gy) is therefore not effective at preventing the production of some viable offspring. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keyword Fisheries
Marine & Freshwater Biology
shrimp
selective breeding
genetic protection
aquaculture
Tiger Prawn
Broodstock
Radiation
Age
6-dimethylaminopurine
Induction
Monodon
Growth
Size
Wild
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code

 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 16:50:48 EST