Alcohol expectancies, drinking refusal self-efficacy and drinking behaviour in Asian and Australian students

Oei, Tian P. S. and Jardim, Claudia Lee (2007) Alcohol expectancies, drinking refusal self-efficacy and drinking behaviour in Asian and Australian students. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 87 2-3: 281-287. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.08.019


Author Oei, Tian P. S.
Jardim, Claudia Lee
Title Alcohol expectancies, drinking refusal self-efficacy and drinking behaviour in Asian and Australian students
Journal name Drug and Alcohol Dependence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0376-8716
Publication date 2007
Year available 2007
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2006.08.019
Volume 87
Issue 2-3
Start page 281
End page 287
Total pages 7
Editor R. I. Balster
Place of publication Clare
Publisher Elsevier Ireland Ltd
Collection year 2008
Language eng
Subject C1
380107 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
780108 Behavioural and cognitive sciences
Abstract The effects of alcohol expectancies (AE) and drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) in predicting alcohol consumption in Caucasians has been well studied. However, the role of AE and DRSE in Asian students is still not well understood. This study reported on this using Caucasian (n = 98) and Asian (n = 92) student samples. Participants completed the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) to measure their hazardous alcohol consumption, and the drinking expectancy profile (DEP) to assess their alcohol related expectancies and ability to resist drinking in certain situations. Results showed that Caucasians reported significantly higher confidence, higher sexual interest, and higher tension reduction expectancies than Asians. Conversely, Asians significantly expected cognitive enhancement and negative consequences more than Caucasians. Relative to Caucasians, the Asian sample also reported that they would be more able to refuse alcohol when under social pressure. Results from regression analyses showed that for the Caucasian sample, AE, DRSE and their interactions were significant predictors of alcohol consumption. For the Asian group, the only significant effect to emerge was that DRSE was negatively related to alcohol consumption. The clinical implications of the differential pattern of results between the samples are discussed in terms of self-efficacy and negative consequences of alcohol consumption, especially when dealing with university aged individuals. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Substance Abuse
Psychiatry
Alcohol
Alcohol Expectancies
Drinking Refusal Self-efficacy
Cross-cultural
Asian
University-students
Differential Role
Binge Drinking
Gender Differences
Cognitive Model
College Sample
Consumption
Questionnaire
Adolescents
Americans
Q-Index Code C1

 
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Created: Mon, 18 Feb 2008, 16:49:11 EST