La Pointe Saint Mathieu, Brittany, France

Chanson, Hubert (2006) La Pointe Saint Mathieu, Brittany, France. Shore & Beach, 74 6: 38-40.

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Author Chanson, Hubert
Title La Pointe Saint Mathieu, Brittany, France
Journal name Shore & Beach   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0037-4237
Publication date 2006-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 74
Issue 6
Start page 38
End page 40
Total pages 3
Place of publication Fort Myers, Fla.
Publisher American Shore and Beach Preservation Association
Language eng
Subject 260000 Earth Sciences
260400 Oceanography
260403 Physical Oceanography
290000 Engineering and Technology
290800 Civil Engineering
290802 Water and Sanitary Engineering
291200 Maritime Engineering
291299 Maritime Engineering not elsewhere classified
291100 Environmental Engineering
291199 Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified
310000 Architecture, Urban Environment and Building
310200 Building
319900 Other Architecture, Urban Environment and Building
319999 Other Architecture, Urban Environment and Building
Abstract The "Pointe Saint Mathieu" is one of the most westerly continental landmarks of France. The promontory is located at the entrance of the "Goulet de la Rade de Brest", that is the entrance channel of the harbour of Brest in Brittany (France). It marks also the Southern end of the "Chenal du Four" that is the main navigation channel between the islands of Ouessant, Molène and Béniquet, and Brittany. The "Chenal du Four" is reputed for its dangers. The tidal range is greater than 7 m in spring tides, and the mid-tide current may exceed 5 knots. The Saint Mathieu promontory is equipped with a lighthouse and a semaphore. The former is located in the ruins of an old monastery, founded during the 6th century AD by Saint Tanguy. The present ruins are the remnants of buildings from the 11th to 15th centuries. The first lighthouse was installed in 1689, although the monks of the monastery used to maintain a signal light since the 1250s. Completed in 1835, the present "Phare de la Pointe Saint-Mathieu" is 37 m high and it reaches 58.8 m above sea level During World War 2, the Pointe Saint Mathieu was defended by a series of concrete fortifications built by the Germans. Some were based upon some earlier French bunker systems, like the coastal battery at the Rospects which included 4 main gun bunkers (4*150 mm, or 2*150 mm & 2*105 mm), an observation bunker on the Western side close to sea, and several smaller structures. There was also the large Kéringar Blockhaus system, near Lochrist, located about 1 km inland and designed for 4 guns of 280 mm. Its command bunker remains a landmark along the main road. All this area was very-heavily bombed between 1943 and 1944, and particularly during the battle of Brest in August-September 1944 ("L'Enfer de Brest").
Keyword Pointe Saint Mathieu
Brittany (Bretagne)
References CHANSON, H. (2004). "Coastal Observations: The Atlantic Wall in North Brittany (Bretagne Nord), France." Shore & Beach, Vol. 72, No. 4, pp. 10-12 & Front cover (ISSN 0037-4237). CHAZETTE, A., DESTOUCHES, A., and PAICH, B. (1995). "Album Mémorial Atlantikwall. le Mur de l'Atlantique en France 1940-1944." Editions HEIMDAL, Bayeux, France (ISBN 2 84048 0883). FLOCH, H., and LE BERRE, A. (2001). "L'Enfer de Brest." Editions HEIMDAL, Bayeux, France (ISBN 2 84048 144 8). Internet links {} Photographs of Coastlines of France {} The Atlankic Wall Linar Museum {} Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine (Hydrographic and Oceanographic Service of the French Navy)
Q-Index Code C1
Additional Notes The full bibliographic details are : CHANSON, H. (2006). "La Pointe Saint Mathieu, Brittany, France." Shore & Beach, Vol. 74, No. 4, pp. 38-40 (ISSN 0037-4237).

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Civil Engineering Publications
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Created: Mon, 26 Feb 2007, 16:11:47 EST by Hubert Chanson on behalf of School of Engineering