Urban farming and malaria risk factors in a medium-sized town in Cote D'Ivoire

Matthys, Barbara, Vounatsou, Penelope, Raso, Giovanna, Tschannen, Andres B., Becket, Emmanuel Gbede, Gosoniu, Laura, Cisse, Gueladio, Tanner, Marcel, N'Goran, Eliezer K. and Utzinger, Jurg (2006) Urban farming and malaria risk factors in a medium-sized town in Cote D'Ivoire. American Journal of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene, 75 6: 1223-1231.


Author Matthys, Barbara
Vounatsou, Penelope
Raso, Giovanna
Tschannen, Andres B.
Becket, Emmanuel Gbede
Gosoniu, Laura
Cisse, Gueladio
Tanner, Marcel
N'Goran, Eliezer K.
Utzinger, Jurg
Title Urban farming and malaria risk factors in a medium-sized town in Cote D'Ivoire
Journal name American Journal of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0002-9637
1476-1645
Publication date 2006-12-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 75
Issue 6
Start page 1223
End page 1231
Total pages 9
Place of publication Northbrook, IL, U.S.A.
Publisher American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Language eng
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
Abstract Urbanization occurs at a rapid pace across Africa and Asia and affects people's health and well-being. A typical feature in urban settings of Africa is the maintenance of traditional livelihoods, including agriculture. The purpose of this study was to investigate malaria risk factors in urban farming communities in a medium-sized town in Cote d'Ivoire. Two cross-sectional surveys were carried out among 112 households from six agricultural zones. First, the heads of households were interviewed on agricultural land use, farming practices, water storage, sanitation facilities, and socioeconomic status. Second, a finger prick blood sample was taken from all household members and examined for the occurrence and density of Plasmodia. Geographic coordinates of houses, farming plots, and potential mosquito breeding sites were recorded and integrated into a geographic information system. Predictors of Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia were assessed using non-random and random effects Bayesian regression models. The overall prevalence of P. falciparum was 32.1%. In children < 15 years of age, risk factors for a P. falciparum infection included living in a specific agricultural zone, close proximity to permanent ponds and fish ponds, periodic stays overnight in temporary farm huts, and low socioeconomic status. Our findings indicate that specific crop systems and specific agricultural practices may increase the risk of malaria in urban settings of tropical Africa.
Keyword Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Tropical Medicine
Transmission
Africa
Ghana
Epidemiology
Care
Urbanization
Communities
Infections
Children
Episodes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Sat, 26 Jan 2008, 03:00:44 EST