Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphism and severity of atopy in asthmatics

Yang, IA, Barton, SJ, Rorke, S, Cakebread, JA, Keith, TP, Clough, JB, Holgate, ST and Holloway, JW (2004) Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphism and severity of atopy in asthmatics. Genes And Immunity, 5 1: 41-45. doi:10.1038/sj.gene.6364037

Author Yang, IA
Barton, SJ
Rorke, S
Cakebread, JA
Keith, TP
Clough, JB
Holgate, ST
Holloway, JW
Title Toll-like receptor 4 polymorphism and severity of atopy in asthmatics
Journal name Genes And Immunity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1466-4879
Publication date 2004
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/sj.gene.6364037
Volume 5
Issue 1
Start page 41
End page 45
Total pages 5
Place of publication London
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Abstract Endotoxin exposure may have a protective effect against asthma and atopy. An Asp299Gly polymorphism in the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene reduces responsiveness to endotoxin. This study determined the effect of TLR4 polymorphism on the risk and severity of asthma and atopy. In all, 336 UK Caucasian families with greater than or equal to2 affected sibs (physician's diagnosis of asthma and current medication use) and 179 Caucasians without asthma or a family history of asthma were genotyped using ARMS-PCR. No association of the TLR4 polymorphism was found with the risk of developing asthma, either in parent-affected sibling trios, or in case-control analyses (P>0.05). In the first affected asthmatic siblings, the atopy severity score (based on size and number of positive skin-prick tests and specific IgE) was higher in those with the Asp/Gly or Gly/Gly genotypes (mean 1.8, s.d. 1.1, n=39) compared to those with the Asp/Asp genotype (mean 1.2, s.d. 1.0, n=279) (P=0.003, t-test). No associations were found with total IgE, FEV1 % predicted, slope of FEV1 response to methacholine or asthma severity score (P>0.05). This study confirms the previously observed lack of association of TLR4 polymorphisms with asthma. In contrast, the findings suggest that genetically determined hyporesponsiveness to endotoxin may increase atopy severity.
Keyword Genetics & Heredity
Toll-like receptor 4
polymorphism (genetics)
Toll-like Receptor-4
House-dust Endotoxin
Q-Index Code C1

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Fri, 25 Jan 2008, 16:06:31 EST