Agronomic evaluation of Leucaena. Part 2. Productivity of the genus for forage production in subtropical Australia and humid-tropical Philippines

Mullen, B. F., Gabunada, F., Shelton, H. M., Stur, W. W. and Basford, K. E. (2003) Agronomic evaluation of Leucaena. Part 2. Productivity of the genus for forage production in subtropical Australia and humid-tropical Philippines. Agroforestry Systems, 58 2: 93-107.


Author Mullen, B. F.
Gabunada, F.
Shelton, H. M.
Stur, W. W.
Basford, K. E.
Title Agronomic evaluation of Leucaena. Part 2. Productivity of the genus for forage production in subtropical Australia and humid-tropical Philippines
Journal name Agroforestry Systems   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0167-4366
Publication date 2003-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1023/A:1026040631267
Volume 58
Issue 2
Start page 93
End page 107
Total pages 15
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Subject 300205 Agronomy
300606 Agroforestry
Abstract Leucaena leucocephala is an important agroforestry species pan-tropically, but relatively little is known of the forage production potential of other species in the genus. The agronomic potential of 116 accessions, representing the 28 species and subspecies of the Leucaena genus and several artificial hybrid accessions, was evaluated at Los Banos, Philippines and Brisbane, Australia over a 2.5-year period. Accessions were planted into replicated line plots, with 10 trees/plot spaced 50 cm apart, and with rows spaced 3 m apart. The L. pallidaxL. leucocephala KX2 F-1 hybrid accessions were highest yielding at both sites, producing dry matter (DM) yields of over 900 g/m row/month at Los Banos and approximately 320 g/m row/month at Brisbane. In the near-optimal growth conditions at Los Banos, L. leucocephala accessions were highly productive, with the best accessions producing total yields of over 500 g/m row/month. The superiority of KX2 hybrids was most pronounced at Brisbane, where high psyllid pressure during summer, and low temperatures during winter severely constrained growth of L. leucocephala accessions. In the Brisbane environment, psyllid resistant accessions of L. pallida, L. trichandra and L. diversifolia were more productive than L. leucocephala accessions. Leucaena greggii, L. retusa, L. cuspidata, L. confertiflora, L. pulverulenta, L. pueblana and L. involucrata were of inherently low productivity in both the Brisbane and Los Banos environments. Mortality over the experimental period was very low for most species, particularly for L. leucocephala and KX2 accessions. The KX2 F1 hybrid accessions have considerable agronomic potential as alternatives to L. leucocephala for use in tropical agroforestry.
Keyword Agronomy
Forestry
germplasm evaluation
Leucaena hybrids
multipurpose trees
tree legumes
Psyllid Resistance
Leucocephala
Growth
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes This revised version was published online in June 2006 with corrections to the Cover Date

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) - Collection
School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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