Bioinspired engineering of exploration systems for NASA and DoD

Thakoor, S., Chahl, J., Srinivasan, M. V., Young, L., Werblin, F., Hine, B. and Zornetzer, S. (2002) Bioinspired engineering of exploration systems for NASA and DoD. Artificial Life, 8 4: 357-369. doi:10.1162/106454602321202426

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
UQ122611_OA.pdf Full text (open access) application/pdf 2.13MB 0

Author Thakoor, S.
Chahl, J.
Srinivasan, M. V.
Young, L.
Werblin, F.
Hine, B.
Zornetzer, S.
Title Bioinspired engineering of exploration systems for NASA and DoD
Journal name Artificial Life   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1064-5462
Publication date 2002
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1162/106454602321202426
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 8
Issue 4
Start page 357
End page 369
Total pages 13
Editor M. A. Bedau
Place of publication Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Publisher M I T Press
Language eng
Abstract A new approach called bioinspired engineering of exploration systems (BEES) and its value for solving pressing NASA and DoD needs are described. Insects (for example honeybees and dragonflies) cope remarkably well with their world, despite possessing a brain containing less than 0.01% as many neurons as the human brain. Although most insects have immobile eyes with fixed focus optics and lack stereo vision, they use a number of ingenious, computationally simple strategies for perceiving their world in three dimensions and navigating successfully within it. We are distilling selected insect-inspired strategies to obtain novel solutions for navigation, hazard avoidance, altitude hold, stable flight, terrain following, and gentle deployment of payload. Such functionality provides potential solutions for future autonomous robotic space and planetary explorers. A BEES approach to developing lightweight low-power autonomous flight systems should be useful for flight control of such biomorphic flyers for both NASA and DoD needs. Recent biological studies of mammalian retinas confirm that representations of multiple features of the visual world are systematically parsed and processed in parallel. Features are mapped to a stack of cellular strata within the retina. Each of these representations can be efficiently modeled in semiconductor cellular nonlinear network (CNN) chips. We describe recent breakthroughs in exploring the feasibility of the unique blending of insect strategies of navigation with mammalian visual search, pattern recognition, and image understanding into hybrid biomorphic flyers for future planetary and terrestrial applications. We describe a few future mission scenarios for Mars exploration, uniquely enabled by these newly developed biomorphic flyers.
Keyword Bioinspired
Autonomous flight systems
Autonomous recognition
Mars exploration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Brain Institute Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Fri, 25 Jan 2008, 15:52:53 EST