Advancements in conceptualisations about career and career development and irreversible changes in the world of work have necessitated that career counsellors reflect on their practice in order that it keeps pace and maintains relevancy.Fundamental to these reflections is consideration of the place and nature of career assessment in career counselling. Traditionally, emphasis has been given to quantitative assessment. More recently, the profile of qualitative assessment has been raised, and its place in career counselling has been strengthened relative to but not to the exclusion of quantitative assessment. However,there is little to guide the use of qualitative assessment. This paper presents a theoretical overview of qualitative assessment in career counselling and proposes guidelines for using qualitative assessment.