A mental age matched comparison study of delay of gratification in children with Down syndrome

Cuskelly, Monica, Zhang, Airong and Hayes, Alan (2003) A mental age matched comparison study of delay of gratification in children with Down syndrome. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 50 3: 239-251.


Author Cuskelly, Monica
Zhang, Airong
Hayes, Alan
Title A mental age matched comparison study of delay of gratification in children with Down syndrome
Journal name International Journal of Disability, Development and Education   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1465-346X
1034-912X
Publication date 2003-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/1034912032000120435
Volume 50
Issue 3
Start page 239
End page 251
Total pages 13
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Language eng
Subject 330101 Educational Psychology
330108 Special Education
Abstract The performance of 25 children with Down syndrome on delay of gratification tasks was compared with that of a mental age-matched group of typically developing children. Delay tasks included both other- and self-imposed tasks. Children with Down syndrome were significantly less able to delay gratification than the comparison group on two of the three tasks. Receptive language was associated with delay on the self-imposed task for the typically developing group but not for children with Down syndrome. It is hypothesised that there may be a lag in the development of self-regulation that is greater than the lag between chronological and mental age for children with Down syndrome, with expressive language playing a role in this lag. The practice of using mental age as the method for matching groups of children with Down syndrome with typically developing children is called into question by the results of this study.
Keyword Down syndrome
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

 
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Created: Fri, 21 Dec 2007, 10:29:30 EST by Thelma Whitbourne on behalf of School of Education