Airflow in a Domestic Kitchen Oven measured by Particle Image Velocimetry

Spence, C. J. T., Buchmann, N. A. and Jermy, M. C. (2007). Airflow in a Domestic Kitchen Oven measured by Particle Image Velocimetry. In: Peter Jacobs, Tim McIntyre, Matthew Cleary, David Buttsworth, David Mee, Rose Clements, Richard Morgan and Charles Lemckert, 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC). 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC), Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, (1364-1368). 3-7 December, 2007.

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Author Spence, C. J. T.
Buchmann, N. A.
Jermy, M. C.
Title of paper Airflow in a Domestic Kitchen Oven measured by Particle Image Velocimetry
Conference name 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Conference location Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Conference dates 3-7 December, 2007
Proceedings title 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Place of Publication Brisbane, Australia
Publisher School of Engineering, The University of Queensland
Publication Year 2007
Year available 2007
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 978-1-864998-94-8
Editor Peter Jacobs
Tim McIntyre
Matthew Cleary
David Buttsworth
David Mee
Rose Clements
Richard Morgan
Charles Lemckert
Start page 1364
End page 1368
Total pages 5
Collection year 2007
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) was used to map the internal airflow of a domestic kitchen oven. Oven cooking performance is dependant on the airflow within the cavity. Previous flow measurement techniques such as hot wire anemometry and pitot probes are very time consuming and prone to error in the hot recirculating flow in an oven. The oven cavity, a commercially available mid-range oven, was modified for optical access. The PIV system consisted of a CCD camera, light sheet illumination from a pulsed Nd:YAG laser, and propanediol droplets and hollow glass spheres with a Stokes number of less than 0.055. Experiments were conducted in an empty oven at room temperature and at 180oC, and at 180oC with a single cooking tray installed. Velocity fields were measured in seven adjacent, coplanar object planes each on four different planes in the oven. The velocity data was averaged to yield mean flow fields, and the seven coplanar data fields were subsequently collaged to produce a full cross-sectional velocity map for each oven plane. In the cold and hot empty cavity a single vortex centred on the fan axis was seen, with strong radial flow. The maximum measured velocity in the cold oven was 1.8ms-1, which compared well with earlier hot-wire measurements. When a tray was introduced, the single vortex was replaced by three circulatory features. Shear flow was seen on both upper and lower sides of the tray, with a lower velocity and a stagnation point on the upper side.
Subjects 290501 Mechanical Engineering
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference
 
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Created: Wed, 19 Dec 2007, 16:12:46 EST by Laura McTaggart on behalf of School of Engineering