CFD Simulations on the Heating Capability in a Human Nasal Cavity

Inthavong, K., Tian, Z. F. and Tu, J. Y. (2007). CFD Simulations on the Heating Capability in a Human Nasal Cavity. In: Peter Jacobs, Tim McIntyre, Matthew Cleary, David Buttsworth, David Mee, Rose Clements, Richard Morgan and Charles Lemckert, 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC). 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC), Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, (842-847). 3-7 December, 2007.

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Author Inthavong, K.
Tian, Z. F.
Tu, J. Y.
Title of paper CFD Simulations on the Heating Capability in a Human Nasal Cavity
Conference name 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Conference location Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Conference dates 3-7 December, 2007
Proceedings title 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC)
Place of Publication Brisbane, Australia
Publisher School of Engineering, The University of Queensland
Publication Year 2007
Year available 2007
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISBN 978-1-864998-94-8
Editor Peter Jacobs
Tim McIntyre
Matthew Cleary
David Buttsworth
David Mee
Rose Clements
Richard Morgan
Charles Lemckert
Start page 842
End page 847
Total pages 6
Collection year 2007
Language eng
Abstract/Summary The air conditioning capability of the nose is dependent on the nasal mucosal temperature and the airflow dynamics caused by the airway geometry. A computational model of a human nasal cavity obtained through CT scans was produced and CFD techniques were applied to study the effects of morphological differences in the left and right nasal cavity on the airflow and heat transfer of inhaled air. A laminar steady flow of 10L/min was applied and two inhalation conditions were investigated: normal conditions, 25°C, 35% relative humidity and cold dry air conditions, 12°C, 13% relative humidity. It was found that the frontal regions of the nasal cavity exhibited greater secondary cross flows compared to the middle and back regions. The left cavity in the front region had a smaller cross-sectional area compared to the right which allowed greater heating as the heat source from the wall was closer to the bulk flow regions. Additionally it was found that the residence time of the inhaled air was important for the heating ability in laminar flows.
Subjects 290000 Engineering and Technology
Keyword Nasal mucosal temperature
Airflow dynamics
Airway geometry
Human nasal cavity
Relative humidity
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference
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Created: Wed, 19 Dec 2007, 14:48:28 EST by Bikash Das on behalf of School of Engineering